On this day in Ohio National Guard History
Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard’s 37th Infantry Division defended the Island of Bougainville from Japanese army attack during the Battle of Hill 700, March 8-12, 1944. What had been a relatively quiet and routine defensive operation turned into some of the bloodiest and most fiercely fought days the Buckeyes saw in their nearly 600 days in combat during World War II.
Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 837th Engineer Battalion
is organized in Springfield, Ohio as the 1st Separate Machine Gun Company. The Springfield unit has earned campaign credit in World War II, Kosovo and the War on Terrorism as well as the Meritorious Unit Commendation during its 2012 mobilization to Afghanistan.
~ 37th INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM | HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS COMPANY, 837th ENGINEER BATTALION LINEAGE
The 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment is organized in the Ohio Militia at Cincinnati as the Guthrie Greys. The Greys were named for their first commander, Capt. Presley N. Guthrie. The regiment bears campaign credit for the Civil War, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. Today, the regiment consists of two active battalions, the 1st Battalion with headquarters in Cincinnati and the 2nd Battalion with headquarters in McConnelsville.
On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 7, 1884
Battery A, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized at Bucyrus, Ohio as Company A, 8th Infantry Regiment. The company adopted the designation of the Finley Guards, in honor of Ebenezer B. Finley (pictured), a Bucyrus native who served as Ohio adjutant general in 1884. The battery has served in the War with Spain, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism, where the unit earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 2011-2012 during its mobilization to Afghanistan.
On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 8, 1875
Battery B, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized in Gettysburg, Ohio as the Gettysburg Guard. The unit moved to Piqua, Ohio in 1903, where it remains today, earning campaign credit in both World Wars and the War on Terrorism. During World War II, while serving as Headquarters Battery, 987th Field Artillery Battalion, the unit landed at Normandy and was later cited in the order of the day of the Belgian army for action at St. Vith, Belgium. The photo shows members of Battery E, 135th Field Artillery in 1922 (a designation the unit held from 1922 to 1937).~ ONG HISTORY | 37th INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM
Battery B, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 8, 1945
Pfc. Anthony Krotiak, a member of Company I, 148th Infantry, 37th Infantry Division, is killed after jumping on a grenade during action near Balete Pass, Luzon, Philippine Islands. His heroic action saved the life of four Soldiers in his squad and led to him posthumously being awarded the Medal of Honor.~ ONG HISTORY |  37th INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM |  READ CITATION
On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 13, 1920
Company A, 1st Battalion, 137th Aviation Regiment is organized in Delaware, Ohio as the Sanitary Detachment, 4th Infantry Regiment. The unit first became a flying unit in 1959 when it was reorganized as the 37th Aviation Company. Company A has seen mobilizations to Kosovo, where it earned the Army Superior Unit Award and Iraq where it earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 2009. The photo shows a UH-60 Blackhawk of Company A flying over a mountain in Iraq in 2009.
On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 14, 1921
The 684th Medical Company is organized in Westerville, Ohio as the 134th Ambulance Company. The unit has spent its entire 98-year history as a medical organization. During World War II, it served in the Pacific with the 37th Infantry Division where it earned two Meritorious Unit Commendations. The photo shows members of Company A, 112th Medical Battalion loading a simulated casualty into an ambulance during annual training, circa 1960.
On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 14, 1821
The U.S. Army Ordnance Corps was established as the Ordnance Department by an act of Congress. The Ordnance Corps’ mission is to support the development, production, acquisition and sustainment of weapon systems, ammunition, missiles, electronics and ground mobility materiel for the Army. The photo shows Lt. Earl V. Carlin (left) and Pfc. Thomas M. Barnes of the 737th Ordnance Company demonstrating how to fire a rifle grenade from the kneeling position in October 1943, when the unit was stationed at Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands during World War II.
On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 22, 1951:
Troop A, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Greenville, Ohio as Battery B, 180th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion. The troop deployed to Kosovo in 2004-2005, earning the Army Superior Unit Award. This photo shows troopers conducting training in Kuwait prior to their movement to Iraq in 2006.
On this day in Ohio National Guard history, May 23, 1921:
The 211th Maintenance Company is organized in Dresden, Ohio as Battery F, 135th Field Artillery. During World War II the unit served as Battery C, 140th Field Artillery Battalion in the Pacific with the 37th Infantry Division. The 211th earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Iraq during its 2004-2005 mobilization. This photo shows members of Battery F, 134th Field Artillery with their 75 mm howitzer in the Coshocton armory in October 1940 as they prepared to enter active service for World War II.