Samuel R. Curtis

Photos from Library of Congress

Samuel R. Curtis, pictured here as a major general during the Civil War, was the adjutant general of Ohio at the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846. Curtis, a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, resigned his post as the head of the Ohio Militia to command the 3rd Regiment during the war.

George W. Morgan

Col. George W. Morgan, photographed here circa 1860, was a veteran of the Texas Revolution and was a lawyer in Mount Vernon, Ohio when the call came for volunteers to serve in the Mexican War. He organized a company from there and after arriving at Camp Washington, was elected to command the 2nd Regiment during the war, leading it during the Battle of Buena Vista. Today’s 148th Infantry Regiment is the descendant of the 2nd Regiment and bears a campaign streamer for Buena Vista.


175th Anniversary of the mobilization for the Mexican War

Story by Sgt. 1st Class Joshua Mann, Ohio Army National Guard Historian

“A requisition has been received from the President of the United States at this Department calling on Ohio for three regiments of infantry or riflemen to repair as speedily as possible to the theatre of war. Under these circumstances I now appeal to the gallant and spirited sons of Ohio to come forward in this emergency and promptly meet the expectations of the General Government. Let it not be said that when our country appeals to the courage and patriotism of the citizen soldiers of Ohio for aid that that aid was not properly rendered.”

With these words, Ohio Gov. Mordecai Bartley issued the first call for troops for the Mexican War on May 20, 1846. The same day, Samuel R. Curtis, adjutant general of Ohio, issued orders directing that a general rendezvous would be established at Camp Washington near Cincinnati. In less than two weeks, 40 companies of Ohio troops were gathered, 10 more than were needed.

Bartley organized the assembled companies into the Buckeye Brigade, which consisted of three regiments of infantry:

  • The 1st Regiment, under the command of Col. Alexander M. Mitchell, consisted of companies from Cincinnati, Dayton, Hamilton, Portsmouth, Georgetown and Sandusky.
  • The 2nd Regiment, under the command of Col. George W. Morgan, consisted of companies from Athens, Columbus, Mount Vernon, Newark, Logan, Lancaster, Circleville, Chillicothe and Hillsboro.
  • The 3rd Regiment, under the command of Curtis, consisted of companies from Mansfield, Massillon, Wooster, Norwalk, Steubenville, St. Clairsville, Coshocton, Zanesville and Seneca.

“They were chiefly from the rural districts, where the volunteers had followed those manly and laborious avocations that trained them admirably for the fatigues of war.” wrote Luther Giddings, an officer in the 1st Regiment. “The garb and vocation of the citizen were abandoned together; and with his uniform the volunteer assumed the duties of a soldier.”

On June 23, 1846, the 1st Regiment, having been armed, equipped and uniformed, were mustered into federal service and shortly after struck its tents and departed Ohio for Mexico. “The streets of Cincinnati through which we marched, were filled with a dense multitude of spectators, wrote Giddings. “There were mothers, wives, sweethearts, fathers, brothers, friends, who eagerly scanned the passing ranks for some familiar face; to which, when recognized, they ran to add another blessing and a last adieu.”



Stow armory with 1st Sgt Robert Pinn super imposed

Stow armory named for U.S. Colored Troops hero during Civil War

First Sgt. Robert Pinn (1843-1911) earned the Medal of Honor during the Battle of New Market Heights, Va. on Sept. 29, 1864. He was the first Black Soldier to have an armory or readiness center named after him in the state, in the early 1970s, when the new Ohio Army National Guard Armory in Stow was opened.


Painting of HELL'S WENCH aircraft with black and white photo of Baker superimposed.

Lt. Col. Addison Baker earns Medal of Honor during WWII

On Aug. 1, 1943, “Hell’s Wench,” an American B-24 bomber badly damaged by antiaircraft artillery fire, led the 93rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) in its daring low-level attack on the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania, which supplied two-thirds of Germany’s petroleum production at that stage of World War II.


Pvt. Jacob Parrott with super-imposed Medal of Honor

Medal of Honor history:
Member of Ohio National Guard predecessor was first recipient

Pvt. Jacob Parrott, a member of the Ohio Volunteer Militia — the predecessor to the Ohio National Guard — has the distinction of being the first person to receive the Medal of Honor, on March 25, 1863.


Painting depicts the action of Pvt. Billy E. Vinson who fought off a bayonet attack by six Japanese rifleman

‘…Manila Would Do’:
Marking the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Manila

Spearheading the mission to retake the Philippine capital city of Manila from the Japanese in 1945 was the Ohio National Guard’s 37th Infantry Division, by then veterans of four years of active service and two bloody jungle campaigns: New Georgia and Bougainville.