On this day in Ohio National Guard History

Medical aid Soldiers carry a wounded Soldier through woods.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

MARCH 8-12, 1944

Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard’s 37th Infantry Division defended the Island of Bougainville from Japanese army attack during the Battle of Hill 700, March 8-12, 1944

What had been a relatively quiet and routine defensive operation turned into some of the bloodiest and most fiercely fought days the Buckeyes saw in their nearly 600 days in combat during World War II.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

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Insignia with Battalion and organization date.

APRIL 23, 1920

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 837th Engineer Battalion

is organized in Springfield, Ohio as the 1st Separate Machine Gun Company. The Springfield unit has earned campaign credit in World War II, Kosovo and the War on Terrorism as well as the Meritorious Unit Commendation during its 2012 mobilization to Afghanistan.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 837th Engineer Battalion Lineage

  

Battery D, 136th Field Artillery doing salvage work in Chaillons, France, Nov. 20, 1918.

APRIL 19, 1854

The 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment is organized in the Ohio Militia at Cincinnati as the Guthrie Greys

The Greys were named for their first commander, Capt. Presley N. Guthrie. The regiment bears campaign credit for the Civil War, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. Today, the regiment consists of two active battalions, the 1st Battalion with headquarters in Cincinnati and the 2nd Battalion with headquarters in McConnelsville.

74TH AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY BRIGADE

  

Headshot of Ebenezer Finley with insignia. Reads: Battery A, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment organized as the Finley Guards.

MAY 7, 1884

Battery A, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized at Bucyrus, Ohio as Company A, 8th Infantry Regiment

The company adopted the designation of the Finley Guards, in honor of Ebenezer B. Finley (pictured), a Bucyrus native who served as Ohio adjutant general in 1884. The battery has served in the War with Spain, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism, where the unit earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 2011-2012 during its mobilization to Afghanistan.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

  

Graphic with Soldiers and insignia; READS: MAY 8, 1875 Battery B, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment organized as the Gettysburg Guard.

MAY 8, 1875

Battery B, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized in Gettysburg, Ohio as the Gettysburg Guard

The unit moved to Piqua, Ohio in 1903, where it remains today, earning campaign credit in both World Wars and the War on Terrorism. During World War II, while serving as Headquarters Battery, 987th Field Artillery Battalion, the unit landed at Normandy and was later cited in the order of the day of the Belgian army for action at St. Vith, Belgium. The photo shows members of Battery E, 135th Field Artillery in 1922 (a designation the unit held from 1922 to 1937).

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

  

Graphic features image of Pfc. Anthony Krotiak; READS: MEDAL OF HONOR, Private First Class Anthony L. Krotiak, Company I, 148th  Infantry, 37th Infantry Division, May 8, 1945

MAY 8, 1945

Battery B, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is On this day in Ohio National Guard history

Pfc. Anthony Krotiak, a member of Company I, 148th Infantry, 37th Infantry Division, is killed after jumping on a grenade during action near Balete Pass, Luzon, Philippine Islands. His heroic action saved the life of four Soldiers in his squad and led to him posthumously being awarded the Medal of Honor.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

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Graphic with Origination date.

MAY 13, 1920

Company A, 1st Battalion, 137th Aviation Regiment is organized in Delaware, Ohio as the Sanitary Detachment, 4th Infantry Regiment

The unit first became a flying unit in 1959 when it was reorganized as the 37th Aviation Company. Company A has seen mobilizations to Kosovo, where it earned the Army Superior Unit Award and Iraq where it earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 2009. The photo shows a UH-60 Blackhawk of Company A flying over a mountain in Iraq in 2009.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

Graphic with Origination date.

MAY 14, 1921

The 684th Medical Company is organized in Westerville, Ohio as the 134th Ambulance Company

The unit has spent its entire 98-year history as a medical organization. During World War II, it served in the Pacific with the 37th Infantry Division where it earned two Meritorious Unit Commendations. The photo shows members of Company A, 112th Medical Battalion loading a simulated casualty into an ambulance during annual training, circa 1960.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

Graphic with Origination date.

MAY 14, 1821

The U.S. Army Ordnance Corps was established as the Ordnance Department by an act of Congress

The Ordnance Corps’ mission is to support the development, production, acquisition and sustainment of weapon systems, ammunition, missiles, electronics and ground mobility materiel for the Army. The photo shows Lt. Earl V. Carlin (left) and Pfc. Thomas M. Barnes of the 737th Ordnance Company demonstrating how to fire a rifle grenade from the kneeling position in October 1943, when the unit was stationed at Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands during World War II.

ONG HISTORY

Soldiers with weapons background image with insignia and text that reads: MAY 22, 1951: Troop A, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is originated in Greenville

MAY 22, 1951

Troop A, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Greenville, Ohio as Battery B, 180th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion

The troop deployed to Kosovo in 2004-2005, earning the Army Superior Unit Award. This photo shows troopers conducting training in Kuwait prior to their movement to Iraq in 2006.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers in dress unifroms posing around equipment. Graphic reads: May 23. 1921. 211th Maintenance Company is organized as Battery F, 135th Field Artillery.

MAY 23, 1921

The 211th Maintenance Company is organized in Dresden, Ohio as Battery F, 135th Field Artillery

During World War II the unit served as Battery C, 140th Field Artillery Battalion in the Pacific with the 37th Infantry Division. The 211th earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Iraq during its 2004-2005 mobilization. This photo shows members of Battery F, 134th Field Artillery with their 75 mm howitzer in the Coshocton armory in October 1940 as they prepared to enter active service for World War II.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers in dress uniforms standing on stairs for photo. Message reads: May 24. 1881. 811th Engineer Company is organized as the Mt. Pleasant Guards

MAY 24, 1881

The 811th Engineer Company is organized in Lancaster, Ohio as Company E, 6th Infantry Regiment (Mount Pleasant Guards)

The company fought in Puerto Rico during the War with Spain, in France during World War I and earned the Valorous Unit Award and Meritorious Unit Commendation during its 2004 mobilization to Iraq. This photo shows the commissioned and noncommissioned officers of Company G, 166th Infantry on the steps of the Lancaster Armory in 1933.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

Soldiers in dress uniforms sitting for photo. Message reads: May 25. 1900. Company B, 837th Engineer Battalion

MAY 25, 1900

Company B, 837th Engineer Battalion is organized in Spencerville, Ohio as Company F, 2nd Infantry Regiment

The company has campaign participation credit for World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. The company earned two Presidential Unit Citations during World War II on Bougainville and Luzon; the Valorous Unit Award in Iraq in 2004-2005; and the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Afghanistan in 2011-2012. This photo shows the officers of Company K, 148th Infantry in late 1944, including 2nd Lt. Robert M. Viale (left side, back row) who posthumously earned the Medal of Honor in February 1945 in Manila.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

graphic of Soldiers landing on beach off back of vessel

JUNE 6, 1944

D-Day 75: Ohio National Guard Soldiers who were there

On June 6, 1944, more than 160,000 allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of beaches at Normandy, France. Two Ohio National Guard units, the 112th Combat Engineer Battalion and 987th Field Artillery Battalion, were involved in the D-Day invasion. The 112th would land at Omaha Beach in support of the 1st and 29th Infantry Divisions, where it would receive the Presidential Unit Citation.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

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Black and white photo of Soldiers in dress uniform ligned up in rows for group shot inside building.

JUNE 21, 1920

Company D, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment is organized in Port Clinton, Ohio as Company H, Tank Corps

The unit received campaign credit in World War II for service in the Philippines and the War on Terrorism for service in Afghanistan. The unit earned the Presidential Unit Citation four times in WWII and earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation for its 2011-12 deployment to Afghanistan.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

LINEAGE LINK UP: Company D. 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment

Graphic of Soldiers sitting atop of crates with weapons Reads: June 23, 1846, 148th Infantry Regiment organized as the 2nd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry

JUNE 23, 1846

The 148th Infantry Regiment is organized as the 2nd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and mustered into federal service at Camp Washington, Ohio for the Mexican War

The “We’ll Do It” Regiment bears campaign credit for the Mexican War, War with Spain, World Wars I and II and the War on Terrorism. The 148th is most famous for the almost 600 days it spent in combat during World War II, where six of its Soldiers received the Medal of Honor and the regiment earned the Presidential Unit Citation for leading the Battle of Manila in February 1945. In this photo, Soldiers from the 3rd Battalion, 148th Infantry are shown prior to leaving Guadalcanal for New Georgia on July 4, 1943.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Graphic with Soldiers putting on gas masks.

JUNE 28, 1918

The U.S. Army Chemical Corps was established by the War Department as the U.S. Chemical Warfare Service, combining activities that until then had been dispersed among five separate agencies of government

It was made a permanent branch of the Army by the National Defense Act of 1920 and was redesignated as the Chemical Corps in 1945. In this photo, Maj. William Bauer, 37th Infantry Division chemical officer, adjusts the mask of Cpl. Joe Chamberlin of Company F, 145th Infantry prior to entering the gas chamber during a training exercise July 25, 1952, at Camp Polk, La.

Graphic with armed Soldiers standing in formation with insignia and text: JUNE 30, 1884: Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment organized.

JUNE 30, 1884

Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Xenia, Ohio as Company C, 9th Infantry Battalion (Martin Light Guard)

During World War I, the unit was designated Company G, 372nd Infantry and earned the French Croix de Guerre near Monthois, France. The 372nd was a segregated unit that fought with the French 157th Division. In this photo, Spc. Michael Fields, a mortarman assigned to HHT, 2-07th Cavalry, leads the rest of the mortar team on a ruck march through the Hungarian countryside during Operation Brave Warrior July 13, 2017, in Veszprem, Hungary.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Graphic with armed Soldiers standing in formation with insignia and text: JUNE 30, 1884: Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment organized.

JULY 1, 1863

The Battle of Gettysburg begins

The three-day battle marked the bloodiest battle of the Civil War and stopped the Confederate Army’s drive north. Ohio supplied 13 infantry regiments, a cavalry regiment and six artillery batteries, which sustained a total of 1,271 casualties. Today, the 148th Infantry Regiment (4th Ohio), 134th Field Artillery Regiment (1st Ohio Light Artillery), 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (5th Ohio) and 145th Armored Regiment/107th Cavalry Regiment (7th Ohio) display the Gettysburg campaign streamer. A monument to Companies G and I, 4th Ohio Volunteer Infantry is shown along Emmitsburg Road in Gettysburg, Pa., marking the location that the two detached companies engaged the enemy late on July 2, 1863.

Soldiers look at chart on wall. Graphic of insignia with text that reads: JULY 1, 1962, Military Intelligence Coprs established.

JULY 1, 1962

The U.S. Army Military Intelligence Corps was organized when the Army established the Intelligence and Security Branch

On July 1, 1967, the branch was redesignated as military intelligence. In this photo, Lt. Col. Archibald Rogers, intelligence officer for the 37th Infantry Division, and Master Sgt. William Turlo study the disposition of the enemy during a tactical field problem June 24, 1952, at Camp Polk, La.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Animated gif of American flag with Soldiers and fireworks.

JULY 4, 1776

The Ohio National Guard wishes everyone a Happy Fourth of July!

Special thanks to our current and former Soldiers and Airmen, who have helped Americans to enjoy their freedom. Be safe and have fun with your Family and friends during the holiday.

Soldiers stand around canon. Graphic displkays insignia and reads: JULY 6, 1839, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized as the Gun Section, Cleveland Grays

JULY 6, 1839

The 134th Field Artillery Regiment was organized as the Gun Section, Cleveland Grays.

Sgt. D.L. Wood commanded the nine-member section that built the carriage and caisson for the 6-pound cannon they procured. On July 4, 1845, they detached from the Grays and became the Cleveland Light Artillery. The regiment bears credit for participation in the Civil War, World War I, World War II, Korea and the War on Terrorism. In this photo, the Cleveland Light Artillery is photographed in 1857 near the old Erie Street Cemetery in Cleveland.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Armed Soldiers survey along side of road by a field. Graphic displays insignia and reads: JULY 10, 1899, 838th Military Police Company organized as Company D, Unattached Infantry

JULY 10, 1899

The 838th Military Police Company is organized in Warren, Ohio as Company F, Unattached Infantry.

The 838th has earned campaign credit for World War I, World War II, Southwest Asia and the War on Terrorism. During World War II, the 838th received the Presidential Unit Citation for its participation in the Battle of Hill 700 on Bougainville as Company F, 145th Infantry, where it sustained 66 percent casualties. In this photo, Soldiers assigned to the 838th Military Police Company participate in a 5-mile dismounted patrol scenario during Exercise Platinum Wolf 18 in the Republic of Serbia.

73RD TROOPS COMMAND

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Shirtless Soldiers sitting around eating at camp

JULY 15, 1876

The 1486th Transportation Company is organized in Ashland, Ohio as Company F, 12th Infantry (Ashland Guards).

The company has campaign credit for the War with Spain, World War I, World War II, Southwest Asia and the War on Terrorism. During its mobilization for Operation Desert Storm in 1991, the unit earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation for record-setting logistical support of two different corps elements, driving 655,977 mission miles moving vehicles, ammunition, food, water, supplies and enemy prisoners of war. In this photo, Soldiers of Company E, 145th Infantry eat their noon meal on the side of Hill 700 on the island of Bougainville in March 1944. The 1486th spent 38 years from 1921 to 1958 as Company E.

371ST SUSTAINMENT BRIGADE

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371st Sustainment Brigade
112th Transportation Battalion

Soldiers grouped in row formation on horses

JULY 15, 1911

Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 437th Military Police Battalion and the 323rd Military Police Company are organized in Toledo as Troop D, 1st Cavalry Squadron.

During World War I and II the unit fought in Europe as a field artillery battery. Following World War II, it was split into two separate units, each with its own history. Both units have deployed multiple times in the War on Terrorism. The 323rd earned the Valorous Unit Award in Iraq in 2003, with the 437th receiving the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Afghanistan in 2013-2014. In this photo, Troop D, 1st Cavalry Squadron poses for a photograph at El Paso, Texas during the troop’s Mexican Border Service in 1917.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

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Firefighter rushes to unravel a fire hose so he can combat a blaze.

JULY 17, 1884

The 5694th Engineer Detachment is organized in Plimpton, Ohio as Company H, 17th Infantry (Plimpton Guard)

In 1893, the unit moved to Shreve where it remained until its move to Mansfield in 1996. The Army firefighters have campaign credit for the War with Spain, World War I, World War II, Southwest Asia and the War on Terrorism. In 1997, the unit mobilized to Bosnia where it earned the Army Superior Unit Award. In this photo, a firefighter with the 5694th rushes to unravel a fire hose so he can combat a blaze during an airport rescue firefighting exercise July 18, 2017, at the Youngstown Air Reserve Station in Youngstown, Ohio.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

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16th Engineer Brigade
HHC, 112th Engineer Battalion
5694th, 295th, 296th Ohio Army Firefighters

Boys in uniform stand with rifles

JULY 18, 1877

Battery C, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized in Marysville, Ohio as Company E, 14th Infantry (Curry Cadets).

The company was named for its first commander, Capt. William Curry, who was a Civil War veteran and later served as the assistant adjutant general from 1893 to 1896. The battery is entitled to campaign credit from the War with Spain, World War I, World War II, Kosovo and the War on Terrorism. In this photo, Soldiers from Company E, 4th Infantry pose for a photograph during strike duty in Columbus during the street car strike of 1910.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Group of Soldiers kneel on ground for brief.

JULY 18, 1881

The 237th Support Battalion is organized as the 9th Battalion of Infantry.

TThe battalion was organized as a segregated, all-black unit, until the Ohio National Guard was integrated in 1954. During World War I, as the 2nd Battalion, 372nd Infantry, the unit earned the French Croix de Guerre for its heroic charge on German defensive positions near Montois, France during the Meuse-Argonne campaign. In this photo, Soldiers from the 372nd Infantry Battalion receive instruction from an officer prior to conducting weapons qualification at annual training, circa 1950.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers walking through woods on path carrying gear.

JULY 18, 1917

The 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Buckeye) is constituted in the Ohio National Guard as the 37th Division.

As a division the Buckeye Brigade fought in World War I and World War II, where eight of its Soldiers earned the Medal of Honor. Since 9/11, the brigade has deployed to Kosovo, Kuwait and Afghanistan. In this photo, Soldiers of the 37th Infantry Division move along a jungle trail during the Battle of Munda, New Georgia Islands in July-August 1943.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers in uniform pose for group shot in front of tents.

JULY 19, 1877

Company B, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment is organized in Napoleon, Ohio as Company F, 16th Infantry (Napoleon Light Guard).

The company is entitled to campaign credit from World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. In March 1944, the company earned the Presidential Unit Citation as Company F, 148th Infantry during the Battle of Hill 700 on Bougainville Island. This photo shows members of the Napoleon Light Guard in camp, circa 1890.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

birthday cake with logo on Ohio flag background - reads Happy Birthday Ohio National Guard

JULY 25, 1788

Celebrating service to our communities, state and nation!

The Ohio National Guard celebrates its birthday on July 25. Originally established as the Northwest Territory Militia on July 25, 1788, in Marietta, the Citizen-Warriors of the Ohio National Guard have responded when natural disasters have struck our communities, deployed across the world to defend our freedoms and protected the front lines during major conflicts.

Always Ready, Always There!

Black and white photo of Soldiers on a tank with overprint of Cleveland Plain Dealer newspaper with headline that reads: KOREA ARMISTICE SIGNED- HOSTILITIES CEASE TODAY

JULY 27, 1953

An armistice agreement was signed to bring the Korean War to an end.

During the three years of fighting, Ohio sent just one Army National Guard unit to the battlefields of Korea, the 987th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, stationed in Canton and Alliance. In this photo, the “Red Bulls,” as they were known, fire a 105 mm Self Propelled Gun on a communist target in Korea.

Soldiers in field holding 37th flag and cavalry flags

JULY 31, 1876

Troop C, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Hillsboro, Ohio as the “Scott Dragoons.”

The Dragoons were one of three troops of cavalry organized in Ohio that constitute the parent units of the 107th Cavalry Regiment lineage. In 1882, the troop switched to the infantry, a branch it remained in until its conversion back to cavalry in 2007. During World War II, the unit was part of the 147th Infantry, which fought as a separate regimental combat team in the Pacific. In this photo, members of Company F, 147th Infantry, display a captured Japanese flag found in an underground hospital on Iwo Jima on April 11, 1945.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Pfc. Frank Petrarca portrait

JULY 31, 1943

During the Battle of Munda on the Island of New Georgia, Pfc. Frank Petrarca of Medical Detachment, 145th Infantry and Private Rodger Young of Company B, 148th Infantry, are killed and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

On numerous occasions, Petrarca, a medic attached to Company F, exposed himself to enemy fire to provide aid to wounded Soldiers. Young, just a few hundred yards north of Petrarca, exposed himself to an enemy machine gun in order to cover the withdraw of his squad for the night. Within a short distance of the enemy position he exposed himself to throw a grenade that destroyed the machine gun but was cut down by a final burst.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Private Rodger Young portrait

JULY 31, 1943

During the Battle of Munda on the Island of New Georgia, Pfc. Frank Petrarca of Medical Detachment, 145th Infantry and Private Rodger Young of Company B, 148th Infantry, are killed and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

On numerous occasions, Petrarca, a medic attached to Company F, exposed himself to enemy fire to provide aid to wounded Soldiers. Young, just a few hundred yards north of Petrarca, exposed himself to an enemy machine gun in order to cover the withdraw of his squad for the night. Within a short distance of the enemy position he exposed himself to throw a grenade that destroyed the machine gun but was cut down by a final burst.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Lt. Col. Addison Baker  portrait

AUGUST 1, 1943

Lt. Col. Addison Baker earns the Medal of Honor during Operation Tidal Wave over Ploesti, Romania.

Baker was a pilot in the 112th Observation Squadron, 37th Division Aviation when the unit was inducted into federal service in 1940. Like many experienced Guard pilots, he was soon transferred to expanding Army Air Corps formations. While in command of the 93rd Bombardment Group, Baker’s B-24 bomber, nicknamed “Hell’s Wench,” was hit as he approached the target, but he continued to lead his formation and bombed it with devastating effect. Baker tried unsuccessfully to gain enough altitude so he and his crew could bail out but the plane was too badly damaged and soon crashed, killing all on board. For his determined leadership and devotion to accomplishing his mission, even knowing he and his men might die in the process, he was awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor, one of seven awarded for this raid.

180TH FIGHTER WING

Soldier inside cab uses a remote control to maneuver the retractable arm on the Buffalo armored personnel carrier

AUGUST 5, 1877

The 945th Engineer Company is organized in Norwalk, Ohio as Company G, 16th Infantry (Western Reserve Guards).

The 945th has spent its entire 142-year history in Norwalk and has only been an infantry and engineer unit during that time. The company has earned campaign credit for World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. The unit earned the Valorous Unit Award in Iraq in 2004-2005. In this photo, Sgt. Willy Sobczak, 2nd Platoon, Company C, 612th Engineer Battalion, uses a remote control to maneuver the retractable arm on the Buffalo armored personnel carrier Sept. 1, 2005, in Baghdad, Iraq.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

A formation of Douglas O-38 planes flying with 112th Fisghter Squadron logo.

AUGUST 18, 1917

The 112th Fighter Squadron is organized at Kelly Field, Texas as the 112th Aero Squadron (U.S. Army Air Service).

The squadron has seen active service World War II, Korea, the Berlin Crisis, Panama and the War on Terrorism. In this photo, a formation of Douglas O-38 planes from the 112th Observation Squadron fly from Ohio to Michigan on Feb. 22, 1931.

180TH FIGHTER WING

Two F16s flying with American flag in foreground reads AVIATION.

Photo illustration by Senior Master Sgt. Beth Holliker, 180th Fighter Wing Public Affairs

AUGUST 19

Celebrating National Aviation Day, Aug. 19

Honoring the development of manned flight, National Aviation Day was established in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who issued a presidential proclamation which designated the anniversary of Ohio-born Orville Wright’s birthday on Aug. 19 to be National Aviation Day. The Ohio National Guard has a rich aviation history, with four Air National Guard wings operating unique aircraft (pictured are two F-16 Fighting Falcons, operated by the 180th Fighter Wing) and the Army National Guard operating multiple airframes including three different helicopter models.

OHIO AIR NATIONAL GUARD

Video by Airman 1st Class Kevin Long

Happy 72nd birthday to the U.S. Air Force!

SEPTEMBER 19

Celebrating National Aviation Day, Aug. 19

On Sept. 18, 1947, the Air Force was officially established as a separate branch of the U.S. military. “Frontiers of Blue…This is 72!,” is the theme for this year's Air Force birthday, and focuses on heritage, warfighting capability and innovation. In this photo, an F-16 Fighting Falcon, assigned to the Ohio National Guard's 180th Fighter Wing, flies over the skies of the Florida panhandle during a Combat Archer training exercise.

OHIO AIR NATIONAL GUARD

Members of the 112th Engineer Battalion stand for a photograph on the drill floor.

Photo by Sgt. 1st Class Joshua Mann, Ohio Army National Guard Historian

SEPTEMBER 19, 1947

112th Engineer Battalion organized as Cleveland City Guard

Members of the 112th Engineer Battalion stand for a photograph with their organizational colors on the drill floor of the Cleveland Grays Armory Museum on Aug. 7, 2019, in downtown Cleveland. Members of the 112th Engineer Battalion staff took a tour of the 1893 armory to learn about the history of the Cleveland Grays, an organization whose lineage the battalion perpetuates.

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Portrait of retired Col. Mike Roberts, former commander of the 178th Fighter Wing in Springfield, Ohio with POW/MIA flag.

SEPTEMBER 20

The Ohio National Guard honors POW/MIA Recognition Day

About 82,500 Americans remain missing or unaccounted for from wars fought since World War II to the present, including nearly 3,700 Ohioans. We honor prisoners of war and those missing in action for their service to our nation. Pulling from the Buckeye Guard archives, we recount the story of retired Col. Mike Roberts, a former commander of the 178th Fighter Wing in Springfield, Ohio, who spent several weeks as a POW in Iraq when his F-16 Flying Falcon was shot down in the early days of Operation Desert Storm.

BUCKEYE GUARD ARCHIVES | READ STORY

Portrait of 2nd Lt. Albert E. Baesel.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

SEPTEMBER 27, 1918

Citation for 2nd Lt. Albert Baesel, Medal of Honor Recipient

2nd Lt. Albert E. Baesel of Company B, 148th Infantry, 37th Division was killed near Ivoiry, France while attempting to rescue a wounded Soldier during the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. For his action he would be awarded the Medal of Honor.

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Truck driving through flooded street

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 1, 1984

The 1484th Transportation Company is constituted in Akron, Ohio as the 637th Service Company.

As a transportation company, the unit has deployed to both Iraq and Afghanistan in support of the War on Terrorism, earning the Meritorious Unit Commendation twice. The 1484th is currently located in North Canton, Ohio.

371ST SUSTAINMENT BRIGADE | LINEAGE LINK

Illustration of Soldiers on horse with flag and unit insignias.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 10, 1877

First Cleveland Troop Organized

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 145th Armored Regiment (Black Horse Troop) and Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 237th Support Battalion (First Cleveland Troop) are organized in Cleveland as the First Cleveland Troop, an independent volunteer militia company. The troop joined the Ohio National Guard in 1887 and has served in the War with Spain, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. The troop was known for its distinctive dress uniforms, inspired by the French Hussars, that included a black bear skin busby headgear.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

F-84E Thunderjets in formation.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 15, 1962

178th Wing allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard

The 178th Wing is allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard as the 178th Tactical Fighter Group in Springfield, Ohio, flying the F-84E Thunderjet, a turbojet fighter-bomber. Today, the 178th operates the MQ-9 Reaper, an unmanned aerial vehicle capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight operations.

178TH WING

C-130 Hercules taking off.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 15, 1962

179th AirliftWing allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard

The 179th Airlift Wing is allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard as the 179th Tactical Fighter Group in Mansfield, Ohio, flying the F-84E/F turbojet fighter-bombers. Today, the 179th operates the C-130H Hercules, a versatile, four-engine turboprop cargo and personnel transport aircraft.

179TH AIRLIFT WING