On this day in Ohio National Guard History

Black and white photo of  Soldier in uniform standing by horse.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

JANUARY 01, 1904

Ohio Army National Guard Medical Detachment

The Ohio Army National Guard Medical Detachment is organized as the Medical Department, Ohio National Guard. During World War I, the unit was designated as the 112th Sanitary Train and was an element of the 37th Division. As the 112th Medical Battalion during World War II, it earned two Meritorious Unit Commendations in the Pacific Theater. Prior to its reorganization as a medical detachment in 1997, the unit spent 22 years as the 112th Medical Brigade. This photo shows a view of the Hospital Corps of the Medical Department in 1910 at Marietta, Ohio.

SPECIAL TROOPS COMMAND

Sepiatone of Soldiers moving wagon.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

MARCH 1911

Support Company, 216th Engineer Battalion

The Ohio Army National Guard’s Support Company, 216th Engineer Battalion originated in March 1911 in Cincinnati as Troop C, 1st Cavalry Squadron. Since then, Soldiers of the unit have served in both World War I and II as well as Iraq. In this photo, Soldiers of Troop C, 1st Cav move a wagon in El Paso, Texas in 1917.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE
LINEAGE LINK

  

Medical aid Soldiers carry a wounded Soldier through woods.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

MARCH 8-12, 1944

Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard’s 37th Infantry Division defended the Island of Bougainville from Japanese army attack during the Battle of Hill 700, March 8-12, 1944

What had been a relatively quiet and routine defensive operation turned into some of the bloodiest and most fiercely fought days the Buckeyes saw in their nearly 600 days in combat during World War II.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM
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Black and white photo of Guard clearing debris in street.

Photo from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

APRIL 3, 1974

Remembering the deadly Xenia tornado

Ohio National Guard Soldiers and Airmen on state active duty assisted in the cleanup efforts in Xenia, Ohio after an April 3, 1974, tornado. The F-5 storm that destroyed or damaged thousands of homes, businesses and schools was responsible for 33 deaths, and hundreds more injured.

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Tank firing with crest.

APRIL 19, 1854

The 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment is organized in the Ohio Militia at Cincinnati as the Guthrie Greys

The Greys were named for their first commander, Capt. Presley N. Guthrie. The regiment bears campaign credit for the Civil War, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. Today, the regiment consists of two active battalions, the 1st Battalion with headquarters in Cincinnati and the 2nd Battalion with headquarters in McConnelsville.

174TH AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY REGIMENT

  

Insignia with Battalion and organization date.

APRIL 23, 1920

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 837th Engineer Battalion

is organized in Springfield, Ohio as the 1st Separate Machine Gun Company. The Springfield unit has earned campaign credit in World War II, Kosovo and the War on Terrorism as well as the Meritorious Unit Commendation during its 2012 mobilization to Afghanistan.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM
Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 837th Engineer Battalion Lineage

  

Group in rows in front of tents from 1935.

APRIL 27, 1927

285th Medical Company Organized

The 285th Medical Company is organized in Columbus as Headquarters Company, 3rd Battalion, 166th Infantry. The Columbus unit has served as a medical company since 1963 and earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation during its mobilization to Iraq in 2006-2007. This photo is of Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 166th Infantry, Camp Perry, Ohio, 1935.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

  

Graphic of tank firing and insignia.

APRIL 28, 1861

145th Armored Regiment Organized

The 145th Armored Regiment is organized as the 7th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and is mustered into federal service for the Civil War. The regiment is most famous for its years as the 145th Infantry Regiment from 1917 to 1974. The regiment bears campaign credit for the Civil War, War with Spain, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

  

Soldiers in formation with arm in air.

MAY 5, 1898

The Ohio National Guard is ordered into federal service for the War with Spain

The Ohio National Guard assembles at Camp Bushnell on the east side of Columbus, Ohio. The 4th Ohio in Puerto Rico as well as the 6th and 8th Ohio in Cuba would be the only Buckeye regiments to serve overseas before the war came to an end. In this photo, Soldiers from Sandusky’s Company B, 6th Ohio are mustered in at Camp Bushnell.

  

Headshot of Ebenezer Finley with insignia. Reads: Battery A, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment organized as the Finley Guards.

MAY 7, 1884

Battery A, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized at Bucyrus, Ohio as Company A, 8th Infantry Regiment

The company adopted the designation of the Finley Guards, in honor of Ebenezer B. Finley (pictured), a Bucyrus native who served as Ohio adjutant general in 1884. The battery has served in the War with Spain, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism, where the unit earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 2011-2012 during its mobilization to Afghanistan.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

  

Graphic with Soldiers and insignia; READS: MAY 8, 1875 Battery B, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment organized as the Gettysburg Guard.

MAY 8, 1875

Battery B, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized in Gettysburg, Ohio as the Gettysburg Guard

The unit moved to Piqua, Ohio in 1903, where it remains today, earning campaign credit in both World Wars and the War on Terrorism. During World War II, while serving as Headquarters Battery, 987th Field Artillery Battalion, the unit landed at Normandy and was later cited in the order of the day of the Belgian army for action at St. Vith, Belgium. The photo shows members of Battery E, 135th Field Artillery in 1922 (a designation the unit held from 1922 to 1937).

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

  

Graphic features image of Pfc. Anthony Krotiak; READS: MEDAL OF HONOR, Private First Class Anthony L. Krotiak, Company I, 148th  Infantry, 37th Infantry Division, May 8, 1945

MAY 8, 1945

Pfc. Anthony Krotiak

Pfc. Anthony Krotiak, a member of Company I, 148th Infantry, 37th Infantry Division, is killed after jumping on a grenade during action near Balete Pass, Luzon, Philippine Islands. His heroic action saved the life of four Soldiers in his squad and led to him posthumously being awarded the Medal of Honor.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM
Read Citation

  

Graphic of black hawk flying over mountains with crest and organized date.

MAY 13, 1920

Company A, 1st Battalion, 137th Aviation Regiment is organized in Delaware, Ohio as the Sanitary Detachment, 4th Infantry Regiment

The unit first became a flying unit in 1959 when it was reorganized as the 37th Aviation Company. Company A has seen mobilizations to Kosovo, where it earned the Army Superior Unit Award and Iraq where it earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 2009. The photo shows a UH-60 Blackhawk of Company A flying over a mountain in Iraq in 2009.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

Graphic of Soldiers loading injured soldier on guerny into back of vehicle with Origination date.

MAY 14, 1921

The 684th Medical Company is organized in Westerville, Ohio as the 134th Ambulance Company

The unit has spent its entire 98-year history as a medical organization. During World War II, it served in the Pacific with the 37th Infantry Division where it earned two Meritorious Unit Commendations. The photo shows members of Company A, 112th Medical Battalion loading a simulated casualty into an ambulance during annual training, circa 1960.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

Graphic of soldiers kneeling to load rifle logo and with established date.

MAY 14, 1821

The U.S. Army Ordnance Corps was established as the Ordnance Department by an act of Congress

The Ordnance Corps’ mission is to support the development, production, acquisition and sustainment of weapon systems, ammunition, missiles, electronics and ground mobility materiel for the Army. The photo shows Lt. Earl V. Carlin (left) and Pfc. Thomas M. Barnes of the 737th Ordnance Company demonstrating how to fire a rifle grenade from the kneeling position in October 1943, when the unit was stationed at Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands during World War II.

Graphic of soldiers assisting wounded warior under the cover of armed soldier with crest and organized date.

MAY 19, 1952

Company A, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment

Company A, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment is organized in Toledo, Ohio as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Battalion, 107th Armored Cavalry. As Headquarters Company, 612th Engineer Battalion, the unit earned the Valorous Unit Award in Iraq in 2004-2005. Under its present designation, Company A has deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan where it earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 2012.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers with weapons background image with insignia and text that reads: MAY 22, 1951: Troop A, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is originated in Greenville

MAY 22, 1951

Troop A, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Greenville, Ohio as Battery B, 180th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion

The troop deployed to Kosovo in 2004-2005, earning the Army Superior Unit Award. This photo shows troopers conducting training in Kuwait prior to their movement to Iraq in 2006.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers in dress unifroms posing around equipment. Graphic reads: May 23. 1921. 211th Maintenance Company is organized as Battery F, 135th Field Artillery.

MAY 23, 1921

The 211th Maintenance Company is organized in Dresden, Ohio as Battery F, 135th Field Artillery

During World War II the unit served as Battery C, 140th Field Artillery Battalion in the Pacific with the 37th Infantry Division. The 211th earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Iraq during its 2004-2005 mobilization. This photo shows members of Battery F, 134th Field Artillery with their 75 mm howitzer in the Coshocton armory in October 1940 as they prepared to enter active service for World War II.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers in dress uniforms standing on stairs for photo. Message reads: May 24. 1881. 811th Engineer Company is organized as the Mt. Pleasant Guards

MAY 24, 1881

The 811th Engineer Company is organized in Lancaster, Ohio as Company E, 6th Infantry Regiment (Mount Pleasant Guards)

The company fought in Puerto Rico during the War with Spain, in France during World War I and earned the Valorous Unit Award and Meritorious Unit Commendation during its 2004 mobilization to Iraq. This photo shows the commissioned and noncommissioned officers of Company G, 166th Infantry on the steps of the Lancaster Armory in 1933.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

Soldiers in dress uniforms sitting for photo. Message reads: May 25. 1900. Company B, 837th Engineer Battalion

MAY 25, 1900

Company B, 837th Engineer Battalion is organized in Spencerville, Ohio as Company F, 2nd Infantry Regiment

The company has campaign participation credit for World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. The company earned two Presidential Unit Citations during World War II on Bougainville and Luzon; the Valorous Unit Award in Iraq in 2004-2005; and the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Afghanistan in 2011-2012. This photo shows the officers of Company K, 148th Infantry in late 1944, including 2nd Lt. Robert M. Viale (left side, back row) who posthumously earned the Medal of Honor in February 1945 in Manila.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Band on field in formation.

JUNE 1, 1944

122nd Army Band

The 122nd Army Band is organized on Bougainville Island in the Pacific as the 37th Infantry Division Band, with personnel from the 145th Infantry and 37th Division Artillery Bands of the Ohio National Guard and 129th Infantry Band of the Illinois National Guard. When the 37th ID’s colors were cased in 1968, the band reorganized as the 122nd Army Band and continues to perform as one of the finest National Guard bands in the nation. The image shows the 37th ID Band in front of the division headquarters at Camp Polk, La. in 1952.

SPECIAL TROOPS COMMAND

Soldier operating a backhoe.

JUNE 3, 1921

1191st Engineer Company

The 1191st Engineer Company is organized in Portsmouth as Battery C, 135th Field Artillery. The unit served on New Guinea as elements of the 134th Field Artillery Battalion during World War II. In 1959, the unit converted to engineers and deployed to Iraq in 2004 as Company B, 216th Engineer Battalion, where it earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation. Following the unit’s 2007 reorganization as the 1191st, it has deployed once to Afghanistan. This 1999 photo shows Sgt. Dennis Hegarty of Company B, 216th Engineer Battalion operating a backhoe in Nicaragua as part of Exercise New Horizons.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

graphic of Soldiers landing on beach off back of vessel

JUNE 6, 1944

D-Day 75: Ohio National Guard Soldiers who were there

On June 6, 1944, more than 160,000 allied troops landed along a 50-mile stretch of beaches at Normandy, France. Two Ohio National Guard units, the 112th Combat Engineer Battalion and 987th Field Artillery Battalion, were involved in the D-Day invasion. The 112th would land at Omaha Beach in support of the 1st and 29th Infantry Divisions, where it would receive the Presidential Unit Citation.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE
READ STORY

  

US ARMY logo graphic

JUNE 14, 1775

Happy Birthday, U.S. Army

The Citizen-Soldier legacy of the Continental Army of years ago lives on in the Ohio Army National Guard today. From the Revolution and World War II to the present day, Soldiers have honored the call to service.

  

Joint color guard with blackhawks flying above.

JUNE 14, 1777

The Ohio National Guard celebrates Flag Day

In the U.S., Flag Day is celebrated on June 14. It commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States on June 14, 1777, by resolution of the Second Continental Congress. In this photo, an Ohio National Guard joint service color guard stands at attention during a helicopter flyover, signaling the start of the honoree ceremony at the Memorial Tournament May 29, 2019, at Muirfield Village Golf Club in Dublin, Ohio.

  

Black and white photo of Soldiers in dress uniform ligned up in rows for group shot inside building.

JUNE 21, 1920

Company D, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment is organized in Port Clinton, Ohio as Company H, Tank Corps

The unit received campaign credit in World War II for service in the Philippines and the War on Terrorism for service in Afghanistan. The unit earned the Presidential Unit Citation four times in WWII and earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation for its 2011-12 deployment to Afghanistan.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM
LINEAGE LINK UP

Graphic of Soldiers sitting atop of crates with weapons Reads: June 23, 1846, 148th Infantry Regiment organized as the 2nd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry

JUNE 23, 1846

148th Infantry Regiment

The 148th Infantry Regiment is organized as the 2nd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and mustered into federal service at Camp Washington, Ohio for the Mexican War. The “We’ll Do It” Regiment bears campaign credit for the Mexican War, War with Spain, World Wars I and II and the War on Terrorism. The 148th is most famous for the almost 600 days it spent in combat during World War II, where six of its Soldiers received the Medal of Honor and the regiment earned the Presidential Unit Citation for leading the Battle of Manila in February 1945. In this photo, Soldiers from the 3rd Battalion, 148th Infantry are shown prior to leaving Guadalcanal for New Georgia on July 4, 1943.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Damages houses from tornado in black and white.

JUNE 28, 1924

Ohio Guard helps in aftermath of 1924 Lorain-Sandusky Tornado

A deadly F4 tornado struck the Lake Erie shoreline communities of Sandusky and Lorain, Ohio. The Ohio National Guard was dispatched to the scene within nine hours to help with rescue work, caring for the injured, guarding property and protecting against vandalism. Elements of the 145th and 148th Infantry, 112th Engineers, 135th Collecting Company and 37th Tank Company focused their efforts in Lorain where nearly 125 city blocks were destroyed or damaged. The 1924 Lorain-Sandusky Tornado remains the deadliest single tornado in Ohio history, killing 80 people.

READ STORY

Graphic with Soldiers putting on gas masks.

JUNE 28, 1918

U.S. Army Chemical Corps

The U.S. Army Chemical Corps was established by the War Department as the U.S. Chemical Warfare Service, combining activities that until then had been dispersed among five separate agencies of government. It was made a permanent branch of the Army by the National Defense Act of 1920 and was redesignated as the Chemical Corps in 1945. In this photo, Maj. William Bauer, 37th Infantry Division chemical officer, adjusts the mask of Cpl. Joe Chamberlin of Company F, 145th Infantry prior to entering the gas chamber during a training exercise July 25, 1952, at Camp Polk, La.

Graphic with armed Soldiers standing in formation with insignia and text: JUNE 30, 1884: Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment organized.

JUNE 30, 1884

Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment

Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Xenia, Ohio as Company C, 9th Infantry Battalion (Martin Light Guard). During World War I, the unit was designated Company G, 372nd Infantry and earned the French Croix de Guerre near Monthois, France. The 372nd was a segregated unit that fought with the French 157th Division. In this photo, Spc. Michael Fields, a mortarman assigned to HHT, 2-07th Cavalry, leads the rest of the mortar team on a ruck march through the Hungarian countryside during Operation Brave Warrior July 13, 2017, in Veszprem, Hungary.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Road side marker.

JULY 1, 1863

The Battle of Gettysburg begins

The three-day battle marked the bloodiest battle of the Civil War and stopped the Confederate Army’s drive north. Ohio supplied 13 infantry regiments, a cavalry regiment and six artillery batteries, which sustained a total of 1,271 casualties. Today, the 148th Infantry Regiment (4th Ohio), 134th Field Artillery Regiment (1st Ohio Light Artillery), 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (5th Ohio) and 145th Armored Regiment/107th Cavalry Regiment (7th Ohio) display the Gettysburg campaign streamer. A monument to Companies G and I, 4th Ohio Volunteer Infantry is shown along Emmitsburg Road in Gettysburg, Pa., marking the location that the two detached companies engaged the enemy late on July 2, 1863.

Soldiers look at chart on wall. Graphic of insignia with text that reads: JULY 1, 1962, Military Intelligence Coprs established.

JULY 1, 1962

The U.S. Army Military Intelligence Corps was organized when the Army established the Intelligence and Security Branch

On July 1, 1967, the branch was redesignated as military intelligence. In this photo, Lt. Col. Archibald Rogers, intelligence officer for the 37th Infantry Division, and Master Sgt. William Turlo study the disposition of the enemy during a tactical field problem June 24, 1952, at Camp Polk, La.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Animated gif of American flag with Soldiers and fireworks.

JULY 4, 1776

The Ohio National Guard wishes everyone a Happy Fourth of July!

Special thanks to our current and former Soldiers and Airmen, who have helped Americans to enjoy their freedom. Be safe and have fun with your Family and friends during the holiday.

Soldiers stand around canon. Graphic displkays insignia and reads: JULY 6, 1839, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized as the Gun Section, Cleveland Grays

JULY 6, 1839

The 134th Field Artillery Regiment was organized as the Gun Section, Cleveland Grays.

Sgt. D.L. Wood commanded the nine-member section that built the carriage and caisson for the 6-pound cannon they procured. On July 4, 1845, they detached from the Grays and became the Cleveland Light Artillery. The regiment bears credit for participation in the Civil War, World War I, World War II, Korea and the War on Terrorism. In this photo, the Cleveland Light Artillery is photographed in 1857 near the old Erie Street Cemetery in Cleveland.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Armed Soldiers survey along side of road by a field. Graphic displays insignia and reads: JULY 10, 1899, 838th Military Police Company organized as Company D, Unattached Infantry

JULY 10, 1899

The 838th Military Police Company is organized in Warren, Ohio as Company F, Unattached Infantry.

The 838th has earned campaign credit for World War I, World War II, Southwest Asia and the War on Terrorism. During World War II, the 838th received the Presidential Unit Citation for its participation in the Battle of Hill 700 on Bougainville as Company F, 145th Infantry, where it sustained 66 percent casualties. In this photo, Soldiers assigned to the 838th Military Police Company participate in a 5-mile dismounted patrol scenario during Exercise Platinum Wolf 18 in the Republic of Serbia.

73RD TROOP COMMAND
LINEAGE LINK UP

Shirtless Soldiers sitting around eating at camp

JULY 15, 1876

The 1486th Transportation Company is organized in Ashland, Ohio as Company F, 12th Infantry (Ashland Guards).

The company has campaign credit for the War with Spain, World War I, World War II, Southwest Asia and the War on Terrorism. During its mobilization for Operation Desert Storm in 1991, the unit earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation for record-setting logistical support of two different corps elements, driving 655,977 mission miles moving vehicles, ammunition, food, water, supplies and enemy prisoners of war. In this photo, Soldiers of Company E, 145th Infantry eat their noon meal on the side of Hill 700 on the island of Bougainville in March 1944. The 1486th spent 38 years from 1921 to 1958 as Company E.

371ST SUSTAINMENT BRIGADE

Soldiers grouped in row formation on horses

JULY 15, 1911

Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 437th Military Police Battalion and the 323rd Military Police Company

Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 437th Military Police Battalion and the 323rd Military Police Company are organized in Toledo as Troop D, 1st Cavalry Squadron. During World War I and II the unit fought in Europe as a field artillery battery. Following World War II, it was split into two separate units, each with its own history. Both units have deployed multiple times in the War on Terrorism. The 323rd earned the Valorous Unit Award in Iraq in 2003, with the 437th receiving the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Afghanistan in 2013-2014. In this photo, Troop D, 1st Cavalry Squadron poses for a photograph at El Paso, Texas during the troop’s Mexican Border Service in 1917.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

Firefighter rushes to unravel a fire hose so he can combat a blaze.

JULY 17, 1884

The 5694th Engineer Detachment is organized in Plimpton, Ohio as Company H, 17th Infantry (Plimpton Guard)

In 1893, the unit moved to Shreve where it remained until its move to Mansfield in 1996. The Army firefighters have campaign credit for the War with Spain, World War I, World War II, Southwest Asia and the War on Terrorism. In 1997, the unit mobilized to Bosnia where it earned the Army Superior Unit Award. In this photo, a firefighter with the 5694th rushes to unravel a fire hose so he can combat a blaze during an airport rescue firefighting exercise July 18, 2017, at the Youngstown Air Reserve Station in Youngstown, Ohio.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

Boys in uniform stand with rifles

JULY 18, 1877

Battery C, 1st Battalion, 134th Field Artillery Regiment is organized in Marysville, Ohio as Company E, 14th Infantry (Curry Cadets).

The company was named for its first commander, Capt. William Curry, who was a Civil War veteran and later served as the assistant adjutant general from 1893 to 1896. The battery is entitled to campaign credit from the War with Spain, World War I, World War II, Kosovo and the War on Terrorism. In this photo, Soldiers from Company E, 4th Infantry pose for a photograph during strike duty in Columbus during the street car strike of 1910.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Group of Soldiers kneel on ground for brief.

JULY 18, 1881

The 237th Support Battalion is organized as the 9th Battalion of Infantry.

The battalion was organized as a segregated, all-black unit, until the Ohio National Guard was integrated in 1954. During World War I, as the 2nd Battalion, 372nd Infantry, the unit earned the French Croix de Guerre for its heroic charge on German defensive positions near Montois, France during the Meuse-Argonne campaign. In this photo, Soldiers from the 372nd Infantry Battalion receive instruction from an officer prior to conducting weapons qualification at annual training, circa 1950.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers walking through woods on path carrying gear.

JULY 18, 1917

The 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (Buckeye) is constituted in the Ohio National Guard as the 37th Division.

As a division the Buckeye Brigade fought in World War I and World War II, where eight of its Soldiers earned the Medal of Honor. Since 9/11, the brigade has deployed to Kosovo, Kuwait and Afghanistan. In this photo, Soldiers of the 37th Infantry Division move along a jungle trail during the Battle of Munda, New Georgia Islands in July-August 1943.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers in uniform pose for group shot in front of tents.

JULY 19, 1877

Company B, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment is organized in Napoleon, Ohio as Company F, 16th Infantry (Napoleon Light Guard).

The company is entitled to campaign credit from World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. In March 1944, the company earned the Presidential Unit Citation as Company F, 148th Infantry during the Battle of Hill 700 on Bougainville Island. This photo shows members of the Napoleon Light Guard in camp, circa 1890.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

birthday cake with logo on Ohio flag background - reads Happy Birthday Ohio National Guard

JULY 25, 1788

Celebrating service to our communities, state and nation!

The Ohio National Guard celebrates its birthday on July 25. Originally established as the Northwest Territory Militia on July 25, 1788, in Marietta, the Citizen-Warriors of the Ohio National Guard have responded when natural disasters have struck our communities, deployed across the world to defend our freedoms and protected the front lines during major conflicts.

Always Ready, Always There!

Black and white photo of Soldiers on a tank with overprint of Cleveland Plain Dealer newspaper with headline that reads: KOREA ARMISTICE SIGNED- HOSTILITIES CEASE TODAY

JULY 27, 1953

An armistice agreement was signed to bring the Korean War to an end.

During the three years of fighting, Ohio sent just one Army National Guard unit to the battlefields of Korea, the 987th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, stationed in Canton and Alliance. In this photo, the “Red Bulls,” as they were known, fire a 105 mm Self Propelled Gun on a communist target in Korea.

Soldiers in field holding 37th flag and cavalry flags

JULY 31, 1876

Troop C, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Hillsboro, Ohio as the “Scott Dragoons.”

The Dragoons were one of three troops of cavalry organized in Ohio that constitute the parent units of the 107th Cavalry Regiment lineage. In 1882, the troop switched to the infantry, a branch it remained in until its conversion back to cavalry in 2007. During World War II, the unit was part of the 147th Infantry, which fought as a separate regimental combat team in the Pacific. In this photo, members of Company F, 147th Infantry, display a captured Japanese flag found in an underground hospital on Iwo Jima on April 11, 1945.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Pfc. Frank Petrarca portrait

JULY 31, 1943

Medal of Honor awarded to Pfc. Frank Petrarca

During the Battle of Munda on the Island of New Georgia, Pfc. Frank Petrarca of Medical Detachment, 145th Infantry and Private Rodger Young of Company B, 148th Infantry, are killed and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. On numerous occasions, Petrarca, a medic attached to Company F, exposed himself to enemy fire to provide aid to wounded Soldiers. Young, just a few hundred yards north of Petrarca, exposed himself to an enemy machine gun in order to cover the withdraw of his squad for the night. Within a short distance of the enemy position he exposed himself to throw a grenade that destroyed the machine gun but was cut down by a final burst.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Private Rodger Young portrait

JULY 31, 1943

Medal of Honor awarded to Private Rodger W. Young

During the Battle of Munda on the Island of New Georgia, Pfc. Frank Petrarca of Medical Detachment, 145th Infantry and Private Rodger Young of Company B, 148th Infantry, are killed and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor. On numerous occasions, Petrarca, a medic attached to Company F, exposed himself to enemy fire to provide aid to wounded Soldiers. Young, just a few hundred yards north of Petrarca, exposed himself to an enemy machine gun in order to cover the withdraw of his squad for the night. Within a short distance of the enemy position he exposed himself to throw a grenade that destroyed the machine gun but was cut down by a final burst.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Lt. Col. Addison Baker  portrait

AUGUST 1, 1943

edal of Honor awarded to Lt. Col. Addison Baker

Lt. Col. Addison Baker earns the Medal of Honor during Operation Tidal Wave over Ploesti, Romania. Baker was a pilot in the 112th Observation Squadron, 37th Division Aviation when the unit was inducted into federal service in 1940. Like many experienced Guard pilots, he was soon transferred to expanding Army Air Corps formations. While in command of the 93rd Bombardment Group, Baker’s B-24 bomber, nicknamed “Hell’s Wench,” was hit as he approached the target, but he continued to lead his formation and bombed it with devastating effect. Baker tried unsuccessfully to gain enough altitude so he and his crew could bail out but the plane was too badly damaged and soon crashed, killing all on board. For his determined leadership and devotion to accomplishing his mission, even knowing he and his men might die in the process, he was awarded a posthumous Medal of Honor, one of seven awarded for this raid.

180TH FIGHTER WING

Soldier inside cab uses a remote control to maneuver the retractable arm on the Buffalo armored personnel carrier

AUGUST 5, 1877

The 945th Engineer Company is organized in Norwalk, Ohio as Company G, 16th Infantry (Western Reserve Guards)

The 945th has spent its entire 142-year history in Norwalk and has only been an infantry and engineer unit during that time. The company has earned campaign credit for World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. The unit earned the Valorous Unit Award in Iraq in 2004-2005. In this photo, Sgt. Willy Sobczak, 2nd Platoon, Company C, 612th Engineer Battalion, uses a remote control to maneuver the retractable arm on the Buffalo armored personnel carrier Sept. 1, 2005, in Baghdad, Iraq.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

A formation of Douglas O-38 planes flying with 112th Fisghter Squadron logo.

AUGUST 18, 1917

The 112th Fighter Squadron is organized at Kelly Field, Texas as the 112th Aero Squadron (U.S. Army Air Service).

The squadron has seen active service World War II, Korea, the Berlin Crisis, Panama and the War on Terrorism. In this photo, a formation of Douglas O-38 planes from the 112th Observation Squadron fly from Ohio to Michigan on Feb. 22, 1931.

180TH FIGHTER WING

Two F16s flying with American flag in foreground reads AVIATION.

Photo illustration by Senior Master Sgt. Beth Holliker, 180th Fighter Wing Public Affairs

AUGUST 19, 1939

Celebrating National Aviation Day, Aug. 19

Honoring the development of manned flight, National Aviation Day was established in 1939 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who issued a presidential proclamation which designated the anniversary of Ohio-born Orville Wright’s birthday on Aug. 19 to be National Aviation Day. The Ohio National Guard has a rich aviation history, with four Air National Guard wings operating unique aircraft (pictured are two F-16 Fighting Falcons, operated by the 180th Fighter Wing) and the Army National Guard operating multiple airframes including three different helicopter models.

OHIO AIR NATIONAL GUARD

Video by Airman 1st Class Kevin Long

SEPTEMBER 18, 1947

Celebrating National Aviation Day

On Sept. 18, 1947, the Air Force was officially established as a separate branch of the U.S. military. — “Frontiers of Blue” is the theme for the 2019's Air Force birthday, and focuses on heritage, warfighting capability and innovation. In this photo, an F-16 Fighting Falcon, assigned to the Ohio National Guard's 180th Fighter Wing, flies over the skies of the Florida panhandle during a Combat Archer training exercise.

OHIO AIR NATIONAL GUARD

Members of the 112th Engineer Battalion stand for a photograph on the drill floor.

Photo by Sgt. 1st Class Joshua Mann, Ohio Army National Guard Historian

SEPTEMBER 19, 1947

112th Engineer Battalion organized as Cleveland City Guard

Members of the 112th Engineer Battalion stand for a photograph with their organizational colors on the drill floor of the Cleveland Grays Armory Museum on Aug. 7, 2019, in downtown Cleveland. Members of the 112th Engineer Battalion staff took a tour of the 1893 armory to learn about the history of the Cleveland Grays, an organization whose lineage the battalion perpetuates.

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Portrait of retired Col. Mike Roberts, former commander of the 178th Fighter Wing in Springfield, Ohio with POW/MIA flag.

SEPTEMBER 20

The Ohio National Guard honors POW/MIA Recognition Day

About 82,500 Americans remain missing or unaccounted for from wars fought since World War II to the present, including nearly 3,700 Ohioans. We honor prisoners of war and those missing in action for their service to our nation. Pulling from the Buckeye Guard archives, we recount the story of retired Col. Mike Roberts, a former commander of the 178th Fighter Wing in Springfield, Ohio, who spent several weeks as a POW in Iraq when his F-16 Flying Falcon was shot down in the early days of Operation Desert Storm.

BUCKEYE GUARD ARCHIVES | READ STORY

Portrait of 2nd Lt. Albert E. Baesel.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

SEPTEMBER 27, 1918

Citation for 2nd Lt. Albert Baesel, Medal of Honor Recipient

2nd Lt. Albert E. Baesel of Company B, 148th Infantry, 37th Division was killed near Ivoiry, France while attempting to rescue a wounded Soldier during the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. For his action he would be awarded the Medal of Honor.

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RELATED STORY: Descendants of ONG Medal of Honor recipient help replace lost award

Truck driving through flooded street

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 1, 1984

The 1484th Transportation Company is constituted in Akron, Ohio as the 637th Service Company.

As a transportation company, the unit has deployed to both Iraq and Afghanistan in support of the War on Terrorism, earning the Meritorious Unit Commendation twice. The 1484th is currently located in North Canton, Ohio.

371ST SUSTAINMENT BRIGADE | LINEAGE LINK

Illustration of Soldiers on horse with flag and unit insignias.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 10, 1877

First Cleveland Troop Organized

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 145th Armored Regiment (Black Horse Troop) and Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 237th Support Battalion (First Cleveland Troop) are organized in Cleveland as the First Cleveland Troop, an independent volunteer militia company. The troop joined the Ohio National Guard in 1887 and has served in the War with Spain, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. The troop was known for its distinctive dress uniforms, inspired by the French Hussars, that included a black bear skin busby headgear.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

F-84E Thunderjets in formation.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 15, 1962

178th Wing allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard

The 178th Wing is allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard as the 178th Tactical Fighter Group in Springfield, Ohio, flying the F-84E Thunderjet, a turbojet fighter-bomber. Today, the 178th operates the MQ-9 Reaper, an unmanned aerial vehicle capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight operations.

178TH WING

C-130 Hercules taking off.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 15, 1962

179th AirliftWing allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard

The 179th Airlift Wing is allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard as the 179th Tactical Fighter Group in Mansfield, Ohio, flying the F-84E/F turbojet fighter-bombers. Today, the 179th operates the C-130H Hercules, a versatile, four-engine turboprop cargo and personnel transport aircraft.

179TH AIRLIFT WING

Soldiers load canon.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 29, 1947

Troop B, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment

Troop B, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment is organized in Lebanon, Ohio as Battery B, 136th Field Artillery Battalion. The troop has seen active service during the Korean War, the Kosovo Defense Campaign and the War on Terrorism. In this July 14, 1952, photo, a gun crew of Battery B, 136th Field Artillery Battalion is in the process of loading the projectile into the breach of a 155 mm howitzer during training at Camp Polk, La.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Company sitingin rows from 1934.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 30, 1907

Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 2nd Battalion, 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment

Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 2nd Battalion, 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment is organized in McConnelsville, Ohio as Company M, 7th Infantry Regiment. The unit has served in World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism, where it earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation in Central and Southwest Asia in 2017-2018. The unit was designation as the 124th Wagon Company, 37th Division Quartermaster Trains, from 1921 to 1936 and this photo shows the company at Camp Perry, Ohio in 1934.

174TH AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY REGIMENT

Soldier screws the weighted tip caps of a UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter’s blade.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 30, 1947

Company B, 638th Support Battalion

Company B, 638th Support Battalion is organized in Columbus, Ohio as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 183rd Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion. When the unit was organized, it was a segregated, all-black unit that served with the 37th Infantry Division on active duty from 1952 to 1954. In this May 29, 2019, photo, Spc. Max Doppes, of Company B, 638th Support Battalion, screws the weighted tip caps of a UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter’s blade to maintain balance at Camp Buehring, Kuwait.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

1950s photo of Capt. Harold E. Weikert with Company M, 148th Infantry lined up in front of  train.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

OCTOBER 31, 1872

1487th Transportation Company

The 1487th Transportation Company is organized in Covington, Ohio, as the Covington Guards, an independent militia company. The company would be mustered into the Ohio National Guard in July 1873 and has campaign credit for World War I, World War II, Southwest Asia and the War on Terrorism. During World War II, the unit received the Presidential Unit Citation for its part in the liberation of the Philippines, as a member of the 148th Infantry. In this photo, Capt. Harold E. Weikert, commanding officer of Company M, 148th Infantry, awaits further orders as his company arrives at Camp Atterbury, Ind. via train for annual training, circa 1950.

371ST SUSTAINMENT BRIGADE

Graphic with image of 50 or so Soldiers lined up in row on horses in field and insignia super-imposed.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

NOVEMBER 1, 1920

Company D, 237th Support Battalion

Company D, 237th Support Battalion is organized in Cincinnati as Troop H, 1st Cavalry Regiment. The unit served in World War II as Troop C, 107th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron and in Kosovo as Troop A, 2nd Squadron, 107th Cavalry Regiment, where it earned the Army Superior Unit Award. In this photo, members of Troop K, 107th Cavalry pose for a photo while mounted at Camp Perry, Ohio in 1934.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Rotating images of soldiers and airmen

Images from Ohio National Guard Collections

NOVEMBER 11

Honoring all those who’ve served on Veterans Day

On Veterans Day, the Ohio National Guard remembers and recognizes all past and present members of the military who have served our country proudly, including our Soldiers and Airmen who have served their state and nation since 1788. We salute the selfless service of our veterans who have made this a strong and resilient nation.

2019 TAG MESSAGE

split image of soldiers firing artillery and soldier carrying launcher.

Graphic from Ohio National Guard Collections

NOVEMBER 17, 1775

Field Artillery and Air Defense Artillery

The Field Artillery and Air Defense Artillery branches are formed when the Continental Congress unanimously elects Henry Knox “Colonel of the Regiment of Artillery.” Although Field Artillery and Air Defense Artillery are separate branches, both inherit the traditions of the Artillery branch. Today, the 134th Field Artillery Regiment (pictured, left) and 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment (pictured, right) are active regiments of the artillery branch in the Ohio Army National Guard.

174TH ADA / 174TH AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY REGIMENT

Soldier measures the fuel level inside a Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck.

Graphic from Ohio National Guard Collections

NOVEMBER 18, 1921

Company H, 134th Support Battalion

Company H, 134th Support Battalion is organized in Akron, Ohio as Troop I, 1st Cavalry. The company has served in World War II and the War on Terrorism. In this photo, Sgt. Matthew Underwood of the 737th Support Company, measures the fuel level inside a Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT) used for refueling military equipment June 10, 2008, at a refueling point on Camp Grayling, Mich. Company H is the forward support company for the 1st Battalion, 145th Armored Regiment and was previously designated as the 737th Support Company from 2008 to 2018.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers from Company E, 147th Infantry in 1935 in group photo.

Graphic from Ohio National Guard Collections

NOVEMBER 22, 1900

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 216th Engineer Battalion

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 216th Engineer Battalion is organized in Manchester, Ohio as Company G, 7th Separate Infantry Battalion. The company has earned campaign credit in World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism and has twice been awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for service in Europe and Iraq. This photo shows Company E, 147th Infantry in 1935 at Camp Perry, Ohio. Manchester was home to Company E from 1930 to 1945.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

State of Ohio monument.

Graphic from Ohio National Guard Collections

NOVEMBER 25, 1863

Battle of Missionary Ridge

Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sends Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s Army of the Tennessee and Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas’s Army of the Cumberland to assault Confederate works along Missionary Ridge, Tenn. The force contained 46 infantry regiments and four batteries of artillery from the Buckeye State. The day ended with Confederate forces in retreat toward Georgia, ending the two-monthslong siege of Union forces in Chattanooga. The State of Ohio placed a monument, pictured here, on Missionary Ridge in 1903 near where Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Wood’s 3rd Division, IV Corps, Army of the Cumberland attacked. Today, the 134th Field Artillery Regiment, 145th Armored Regiment, 107th Cavalry Regiment and 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment display campaign credit for Chattanooga.

Graphic with Soldiers sitting in bleachers in dress uniform.

Graphic from Ohio National Guard Collections

NOVEMBER 25, 1940

Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion

Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion, stationed in Port Clinton, Ohio, is inducted into active federal service. Organized in 1920, the former 37th Tank Company was Ohio’s first armor formation. The Army consolidated National Guard tank companies from Ohio, Wisconsin, Illinois and Kentucky to form the 192nd and equipped them with the new M3 Stuart light tank. Company C fought in the Battle of Bataan before taking part in the Bataan Death March in 1942. The company earned three Presidential Unit Citations and today its lineage is perpetuated by Company D, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment, located in Sandusky, Ohio.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM | READ MORE

State of Ohio monument.

Photo from National Archives

NOVEMBER 28, 2019

The Ohio National Guard wishes everyone a Happy Thanksgiving.

In this Nov. 25, 1943, photo, men of Headquarters Company, 145th Infantry, 37th Infantry Division go through the mess line and receive their Thanksgiving Day turkey dinner on Bougainville Island in the Philippines during World War II. In his Thanksgiving message, Maj. Gen. John C. Harris, Ohio adjutant general, says Ohio National Guard members’ “readiness to serve your state and nation is why we have the world’s strongest military…take time this Thanksgiving to give thanks for the blessings you’ve experienced this past year. Enjoy the time with family and friends.”

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P-51 Mustang of the 357th Fighter Group in flight .

Image courtesy of the Roger Freeman Collection, Imperial War Museums; Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 1, 1942

121st Air Refueling Wing

The 121st Air Refueling Wing is organized in the Army Air Force at Hamilton Field, Calif. as the 357th Fighter Group. The group contained three units that were also organized on this date: the 362nd Fighter Squadron, currently the 162nd Reconnaissance Squadron, Springfield, Ohio; 363rd Fighter Squadron, currently the 164th Airlift Squadron, Mansfield, Ohio; and the 364th Fighter Squadron, currently the 166th Air Refueling Squadron, Columbus, Ohio. In this photo, a P-51 Mustang of the 357th Fighter Group is show in flight during World War II, where the group served in Europe in the Eighth Air Force and earned two Distinctive Unit Citations.

121st AIR REFUELING WING

Soldiers working on pavement.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 1, 2007

291st Engineer Detachment

The 291st Engineer Detachment is organized in Newton Falls, Ohio. In this photo, members of the 291st and 292nd Engineer Detachments conduct paving operations at Fuse and Booster Spur Roads on Camp Ravenna Joint Military Training Center June 20, 2016, near Newton Falls.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

Noncommissioned officers of Company B, 8th Infantry Regiment pose in their dress uniforms and Pattern 1881 Dress Helmets, circa 1890.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 4, 1875

Company B, 1st Battalion, 145th Armored Regiment

Company B, 1st Battalion, 145th Armored Regiment is organized in Akron as the Akron City Guard. Company B has campaign credit from the War with Spain, World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. From 1886 to 1888, the company was commanded by the Capt. Charles F. Dick, who would later become a U.S. senator and author of the Militia Act of 1903, which gave birth to the modern National Guard. In this photo, noncommissioned officers of Company B, 8th Infantry Regiment pose in their dress uniforms and Pattern 1881 Dress Helmets, circa 1890.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM | LINEAGE LINK UP

Soldiers change colors, showing insignia on uniforms.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 1, 1969

16th Engineer Brigade

The Institute of Heraldry approves the Shoulder Sleeve Insignia for the 16th Engineer Brigade. Formed on Feb. 15, 1968, by the reorganization of the 37th Division Artillery, the engineers first were authorized the formed insignia of the 37th Infantry Division. The new insignia is symbolic of their heritage with the scarlet disc with white border. The two crossed towers form a saltire — a symbol used during the Crusades to reward those who scaled town walls — and refer to the combat aspects of the Engineers. The saltire formed by the two crossed towers simulates an X, the map symbol used for brigades and also simulates the Roman numeral 10 (X), which with the three merlons of each tower alludes to 16, the numerical designation of the organization.

16TH ENGINEER BRIGADE

Gunner drives an M48A3 tank.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 07, 1920

Company A, 1st Battalion, 145th Armored Regiment

Company A, 1st Battalion, 145th Armored Regiment is organized in Ravenna, Ohio as Troop L, Cavalry. Company A has spent its entire 99-year life as a mounted warfare formation, serving as either a cavalry troop or a tank company. The unit has campaign credit from World War II and the War on Terrorism and is currently deployed in support of Operation Spartan Shield. In this photo, Spc. Shawn Zucchero, a gunner with Company M, 3rd Squadron, 107th Armored Cavalry, drives an M48A3 tank into a fighting position at Camp Grayling, Mich. in 1988.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

1950s photo of Capt. Harold E. Weikert with Company M, 148th Infantry lined up in front of  train.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 07, 1941

Commemorating the attack on Pearl Harbor

In honor of National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day on Dec. 7, the Ohio National Guard highlights Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion, which had been stationed in the Philippines since Thanksgiving when the Japanese attacked on Dec. 8, 1941, just hours after attacking Pearl Harbor. In this photo taken during training before going overseas, Company C’s Earl McFay (from left), Paul Grassick, John Robinette, Earl Charles and George Zimmerman stand by their tank at Fort Knox, Ky. The lineage of Company C is carried on today through Company D, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment, located in Sandusky.

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Soldiers carry a casualty to a landing zone during .

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 10, 1874

Company G, 237th Support Battalion

Company G, 237th Support Battalion is organized in Findlay, Ohio as the Findlay Guards. The company perpetuates the lineage of Lima, Findlay and Van Wert, Ohio through various consolidations of units over the years and is credited with campaign credit from World War I, World War II and the War on Terrorism. From 1968 to 2007, the unit was designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 148th Infantry Regiment. In this March 1999 photo, Headquarters Company medics Spc. Andrew Martin (from left), Sgt. Eric Mathewson, Spc. William Latimer and Pfc. Jude Remy carry a casualty to a landing zone during platoon training near the Allen County Airport.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Soldiers look over a map after dismounting from their M24 Chaffee Light Tank

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 12, 1776

Cavalry and Armor branches

The Cavalry and Armor branches trace their origins to a regiment of cavalry authorized by the Continental Congress on this date. Although Armor didn’t become a permanent branch of the Army until 1950, both branches share in the birthday of the Army’s mounted formations. Ohio’s first mounted units were organized during the War of 1812. During the American Civil War, Ohio raised 26 different cavalry regiments and independent units. In the modern era, Ohio has been home to the 107th and 237th Cavalry Regiments as well as the 137th, 145th and 147th Armored Regiments. In this photo, Soldiers from Troop A, 107th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron look over a map after dismounting from their M24 Chaffee Light Tank, circa 1948.

Graphic of soldier in color black and white soliders marching in background.

Graphic from National Guard Bureau

DECEMBER 13, 1636

Celebrating the National Guard’s 383rd Birthday

The official birthdate of the Army National Guard as a reserve component of the Army is Dec. 13, 1636. On this date, the Massachusetts colonial legislature directed that the colony’s existing militia companies be organized into three regiments, marking the beginning of the organized militia. The birth of the National Guard’s oldest organized units is symbolic of the founding of all the state, territory and District of Columbia militias that collectively make up today’s 450,00-member National Guard — Always Ready, Always There!

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Soldiers prepare to load a CH-47 Chinook helicopter.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 13, 1995

Company B, 2nd Battalion, 19th Special Forces Group

Company B, 2nd Battalion, 19th Special Forces Group is organized in Chagrin Falls, Ohio. Company B has deployed numerous times during the War on Terrorism and earned the Valorous Unit Award in 2016 in Afghanistan. In this October 2011 photo, Soldiers with Company B, 2nd Battalion, 19th Special Forces Group (Airborne) prepare to load a CH-47 Chinook helicopter for a military freefall jump onto H.R. Mills Drop Zone at Rickenbacker Air National Guard Base in Columbus, Ohio.

73RD TROOP COMMAND

Black and white image of camp.

Graphic from National Guard Bureau

DECEMBER 15, 1864

Battle of Nashville

The two day Battle of Nashville begins as Union Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas defeats the Confederates under Lt. Gen. John B. Hood. Thomas had 28 Ohio infantry regiments and six Ohio artillery batteries, all veterans, together with several newly organized Ohio regiments in his 50,000-strong Army. Today, the 134th Field Artillery Regiment displays a campaign streamer from the Battle of Nashville.

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Soldiers cruise along during their tactical convoy operations training lane.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 16, 2004

1483rd Transportation Company

The 1483rd Transportation Company is organized in Walbridge, Ohio. The unit deployed to Iraq in 2009-2010, where it earned the Meritorious Unit Commendation. In this 2018 photo, Soldiers of the 1483rd Transportation Company cruise along during their tactical convoy operations training lane at Camp Grayling Joint Maneuver Training Center in Grayling, Mich.

37TH SUSTAINMENT BRIGADE

A7D Corsair II aircraft.

Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 20, 1989

Operation Just Cause

The 180th Tactical Fighter Group supports Operation Just Cause: the Invasion of Panama. Beginning in November 1989, elements of the 180th were deployed to Howard Air Force Base, Panama for a scheduled rotation of units. While there, the operation launched in the early morning of Dec. 20, 1989, with numerous Army units making ground and airborne attacks at various locations. The 180th flew more than 20 combat sorties in their A7D Corsair II aircraft and expended 2,715 rounds of ammunition in support of those ground troops. The group became the first Air National Guard unit in the U.S. Air Force Tactical Air Command to experience combat since the Vietnam War.

180TH FIGHTER WING

Black and white photo of shirtless Soldiers looking at large chart.

Photo courtesy of the digital scrapbook of Maj. Robert B. Mearns

DECEMBER during WWII

Celebrating Christmas away from home

The Soldiers of Company D, 145th Infantry, 37th Infantry Division read the Christmas greeting sent to them on Bogainville in the South Pacific by the residents of Berea, Ohio during World War II. All members of Company D were from Berea. Kneeling beside the unique greeting is Capt. Fred Pincombe (from left), Lloyd Washelesky and Lt. Kenneth McCarthey; standing are Pfc. Walter Samek (from left), Staff Sgt. Benedict Yanke, Sgt. Anthony Presewski, Sgt. Ed Yanke, Cpl. John Sinko, Sgt. Malcolm Fish, Sgt. Kenneth Bohland, Sgt. Harry Ives, Staff Sgt. Dorance Case, Pfc. Stanley Sarkiewiez and Pvt. Oscar Ogilrey.

37TH INFANTRY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM

Black and white photo of  Soldier in uniform standing by horse.

Image from the Life and Speeches of Gen. Wm. H. Gibson
Graphic from Ohio Army National Guard Historical Collections

DECEMBER 31, 1862

The Battle of Stones River

The Battle of Stones River, or Murfreesboro, begins in Tennessee. After three days of back and forth fighting, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg abandoned the area, giving control of central Tennessee to Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans’ Army of the Cumberland. During the battle, there were 2,582 Ohioans either killed or wounded and 1,103 either missing or captured. Col. William H. Gibson’s 49th Ohio was on the right flank of the Union Army on the first morning where his regiment received the brunt of the initial Confederate attack. Gibson, who later served as Ohio adjutant general, had two horses shot out from under him during the battle including Morgan (pictured), the horse presented to him by the citizens of Tiffin, Ohio in 1861 when the regiment was organized.