Ohio National Guard Story Archives 2019

A LOOK IN THE ATTIC

This Week in Ohio National Guard History


2020

Jan. 12-18
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of Troop A, 22nd Reconnaissance Squadron get issued new motorcycles; in the Week in Review, a former ONG member is elected governor and Operation Desert Storm begins; and Connecting to the Collections highlights how artillery was involved in the inauguration of Ohio Gov. Martin L. Davey in 1935.

Jan. 19-25
In Through the Lens, the 122nd Army Band's rock ensemble "Flashbang"performs at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; in the Week in Review, the Dick Act of 1903 brings sweeping changes to the National Guard; and in Connectingto the Collections, a historical sketch by Sgt. Jess Cauthorn depicts the 148th Infantry's celebrated arrival in San Carlos, Philippines during World War II.

Jan. 26-Feb. 1
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 416th Engineer Group provide support during their deployment to Afghanistan; in the Week in Review, the 166th Tactical Fighter Squadron is ordered into federal service in response to the seizure of the USS Pueblo; and in Connecting to the Collections, Soldiers of the 148th Infantry enjoy the spoils of a brewery they encounter during their drive to Manila during World War II.

Feb. 2-8
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 148th Infantry lead the amphibious assault across Manila’s Pasig River during World War II; in the Week in Review, Gen. William Henry Harrison establishes Fort Meigs on the Maumee River in 1813; and Medal of Honor recipient 2nd Lt. Robert M. Viale’s heroic actions to save his Soldiers are recounted.

Feb. 9-15
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 37th Infantry Division advance through the Paco District of Manila during World War II; in the Week in Review, Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler, World War II commander of the 37th, dies at the age of 85 in 1978; and In Connecting to the Collections, a Sgt. Jess Cauthorn sketch depicts the actions that earned Pfcs. Cleto Rodriguez and John Reese Jr. the Medal of Honor.

Feb. 16-22
In Through the Lens, a photo depicts the raw impact of the U.S.-Japanese conflict during the Battle of Manila; and In Connecting to the Collections, an aerial photo of Manila shows the main areas of enemy resistance encountered by the 37th Infantry Division during the battle in February-March 1945.

March 1-7
In Through the Lens, final respects are paid to a fallen Soldier of the 166th Infantry during World War I; in the Week in Review, the Battle of Manila concludes after 27 days of fighting in the Philippine capital in 1945; and the meaning behind the 216th Engineer Battalion’s coat of arms, which was approved this week in 1960, is explained.

March 8-14
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 37th Division pack onto a ship to head back to the U.S. at the end of World War I; in the Week in Review elements of the 37th repel Japanese forces that attacked Bougainville Island in 1944; and in Connecting to the Collections, an Army dress uniform that was worn up until 1959 served as the inspiration for the retro dress uniform being fielded by the Army today.

March 15-21
In Through the Lens, Troop A, 22nd Reconnaissance Squadron gets new scout cars; in Week in Review, the 147th Infantry lands on Iwo Jima and immediately begins operations to take over security of the island from the U.S. Marines in 1945; and Connecting to the Collections features a Japanese Shin Guntō (new military sword) that was brought home by an Ohio Guard member following victory in World War II.

March 22-28
In Through the Lens, the Soldiers of Special Troops Battalion, 37th Infantry Brigade Combat Team are honored with a ceremony before their overseas deployment in 2008; in Week in Review, the 216th Engineer Battalion is constituted as Headquarters, 14th Ordnance Battalion in 1942; and in In Their Own Words, the first Medals of Honor are awarded to six Ohio Soldiers by Secretary of War Edwin Stanton in 1863.

March 29 - April 4
In Through the Lens, Soldiers returning from World War I are served a welcome home dinner by their mothers; in Week in Review, the 37th Infantry Division is reorganized in 1963; and Facility Facts takes a closer look at the Cleveland Central Armory, which housed Ohio National Guard units in downtown Cleveland from the 1890s until its demolition in the early 1960s.

April 5-11
In Through the Lens, Soldiers returning from World War I are served a welcome home dinner by their mothers; in Week in Review, the 37th Infantry Division is reorganized in 1963; and Facility Facts takes a closer look at the Cleveland Central Armory, which housed Ohio National Guard units in downtown Cleveland from the 1890s until its demolition in the early 1960s.

April 12-18
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 37th Signal Company play basketball in the jungle during World War II; in Week in Review, the Great Locomotive Chase, also known as Andrews’ Raid, takes place in northern Georgia during the Civil War, and several Ohio Infantry members earned the Medal of Honor for their actions; and Connecting to the Collections takes a closer look at the organizational colors of the 137th Aviation Battalion.

April 19-25
In Through the Lens, take a closer look at the 1-145th Infantry command post communications operations on the island of Bougainville during World War II; in Week in Review, the coat of arms for the 148th Infantry is approved by the U.S. War Department in 1923; and In Their Own Words talks about the origin of the Guthrie Greys in the mid-1800s, which carries on today as the 174th Air Defense Artillery Regiment.

April 26 - May 2
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 37th Division welcome fellow U.S. forces after they secured the Philippine city of Baguio during World War II; in Week in Review, Ohio Gov. Return J. Meigs issues orders to garrison members of the Ohio Militia for service at the start of War of 1812.; and Connecting to the Connections takes a closer look at an element of the late-1800s/early-1900s dress uniform of the unit with which the 145th Armored Regiment shares its lineage.

May 3-9
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 37th Division conduct range operations at Camp Polk, La. in 1952; in Week in Review, the life-saving actions of Pfc. Anthony Krotiak, of the 148th Infantry, earn him the Medal of Honor during World War II; and In Their Own Words features Col. Charles Henne’s account of the 148th Infantry’s 13 days on Myoko Mountain, “probably the most miserable endured by the battalion during WWII.”

May 10-16
In Through the Lens, the bounty of the 37th Division’s tomato harvest on Bougainville is on display; in Week in Review, the 179th Security Forces Squadron is federally recognized in 1973 in Mansfield, Ohio as the 179th Weapons System Security Flight; and Branch Basics takes a closer look at the Ohio Army National Guard units falling under the Ordnance Branch over the years.

May 17-23
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of 1st Squadron, 107th Armored Cavalry conduct mine detector training; in Week in Review, Lockbourne Air Force Base is renamed Rickenbacker Air Force Base in 1974; and Clothing Bag takes a look at the Ohio Militia’s uniform worn during the Mexican War.

May 24-30
In Through the Lens, Ohio National Guard military vehicles lead the 1981 Lima Memorial Day parade; in Week in Review, Congress passes the Second Dick Act, named for Ohio National Guard Maj. Gen. Charles Dick, part of modernizing the National Guard; and In Their Own Words, the 37th Infantry Division sets sail in 1942 from San Francisco to Fiji and New Zealand, beginning a 42-month stretch in the Pacific for the Buckeye Division.

June 1-7
In Through the Lens, Ohio National Guard field artillery Soldiers spot targets during training at Camp Polk, La. in 1952; in Week in Review, the 112th Combat Engineer Battalion lands on Omaha Beach during the Allied invasion of France in 1944; and Collecting to the Connections takes a closer look at the 14th Ohio Volunteer Infantry colors from the Civil War, part of the Adjutant General’s Battle Flag Collection.

June 8-14
In Through the Lens, members of the 112th Medical Battalion train on litter carry techniques at Camp Polk, La. in 1952; in Week in Review, four Ohio Air National Guard communications flights are federally recognized in 1966; and Collecting to the Connections takes a closer look at the officer infantry branch insignia worn at the beginning of the 20th century.

June 15-21
In Through the Lens, members of the 216th Engineer Battalion add a campaign streamer to the unit’s organizational colors for its service during Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003-05; in Week in Review, Ohio’s first air unit, the 37th Division Aviation, which included the 112th Observation Squadron, is organized in 1927 in Cleveland; and we take a closer look at emblem of the 164th Weather Flight, which was organized this week in 1948 in Mansfield, Ohio.

June 22-28
In Through the Lens, two members of the 112th Combat Engineer Battalion wear their Silver Stars earned for heroism during the Normandy invasion earlier in the month; In Week in Review, the Ohio National Guard supports recovery efforts following the 1924 Lorain-Sandusky Tornado, which remains the deadliest single tornado in Ohio history; and In Their Own Words recalls the initial issue of gas masks to 37th Division Soldiers during World War I, and the intensive training that followed.

June 29 - July 5
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 3-148th Infantry get issued their new one-piece jungle camouflage uniforms prior to the Battle of New Georgia during World War II; In Week in Review, Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2-107th Cavalry is organized in Xenia, Ohio as Company C, 9th Infantry Battalion (Martin Light Guard) in 1884; and In Their Own Words recalls the 37th Infantry Division’s amphibious landing on New Georgia on the Fourth of July, 1943.

July 6-12
In Through the Lens, a Soldier from the 166th Infantry conducts field expedient uniform maintenance in France during World War I; In Week in Review, the 838th Military Police Company is organized in 1899 in Warren, Ohio,; and Fast Facts looks at the 181-year history of the 134th Field Artillery Regiment, the second-oldest unit in the Ohio National Guard.

July 13-19
In Through the Lens, a 37th Infantry Division combat photographer camouflages his camera at Guadalcanal during World War II; In Week in Review, the 166th Infantry, as part of the French army, stops a German attack in 1918; and Confederate Gen. John H. Morgan’s Raiders are defeated at Buffington Island by federal troops and Ohio Militia in 1863.

July 20-26
In Through the Lens, a Soldier with the 237th Support Battalion helps provide perimeter security during a medical evacuation training exercise in the 2013 Paralegal Warrior Training Course; In Week in Review, the 1st and 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry provide support during the Battle of Bull Run, the first major battle of the Civil War; and in Fast Facts, the Ohio National Guard celebrates 232 years of existence on July 25.

July 27 - Aug. 2
In Through the Lens, a 1484th Transportation Company annual training photo from the 1980s is featured; In Week in Review, Lt. Col. Addison Baker, formerly of the 112th Observation Squadron, is shot down in his B-24 Bomber over Ploesti, Romania and is later awarded the Medal of Honor; and In Their Own Words recalls Pfc. Frank Petrarca’s heroic deeds that earned him the Medal of Honor in World War II.

Aug. 3-9
In Through the Lens, get an aerial view of what Camp Perry looked like in 1939; In Week in Review, the Ohio National Guard is drafted into federal service for World War I; and Connecting to the Connections takes a look at the Army enlisted service coat worn by Ohio Soldiers beginning in the mid-1920s through the World War II era, including by Sgt. Clinton McLaughlin, who earned the Distinguished Service Cross for heroism during the Battle of Hill 700 on Bougainville.

Aug. 10-16
In Through the Lens, the Alliance mayor helps send off the local National Guard unit to annual training in 1940; In Week in Review, the 987th Armored Field Artillery Battalion is ordered into active federal service for the Korean War; and In Their Own Words describes the elation of 145th Infantry Soldiers, stationed in the Pacific, when they learn that World War II was over.

Aug. 17-23
In Through the Lens, the 112th Medical Brigade cases its colors for the final time during a ceremony in 1997; In Week in Review, the 112th Fighter Squadron is organized at Kelly Field, Texas in 1917; and Connecting the Collections explores the meaning behind the different elements of the 112th Medical Brigade’s distinguishing flag.

Aug. 24-30
In Through the Lens, the 1st Battalion, 166th Infantry cases its colors during a 1992 ceremony; In Week in Review, the headquarters elements for the 16th Engineer Brigade and 371st Sustainment Brigade are constituted as Headquarters, 62nd Field Artillery Brigade in 1917; and In Their Own Words describes the actions of the 61st Ohio and Battery I, 1st Ohio Light Artillery in guarding the retreat of Pope’s Army at the Second Battle of Bull Run in 1862. .

Aug. 31 - Sept. 6
In Through the Lens, the 37th Infantry Division conducts a ceremony to accept the surrender of the Japanese 80th Light Infantry Brigade in 1945; in Week in Review, the Ohio National Guard launches Operation Buckeye in response to Hurricane Katrina in 2005; and Connecting to the Connections looks at the leaflets that were dropped by American airplanes to instruct isolated Japanese units in Nothern Luzon, which may not have been aware that World War II was over, to cease fighting and report to the nearest American post.

Sept. 7-13
In Through the Lens, the 37th Infantry Division’s pigeon section is in action during World War I; in Week in Review, Ohio’s 166th Infantry plays a key role in the Battle of St. Mihiel in France in 1918; and In Their Own Words recalls the 180th Fighter Wing getting the call to provide F-16 fighter jets as the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks were unfolding.

Sept. 14-20
In Through the Lens, members of Company B, 2nd Battalion, 19th Special Forces Group prepare a unique meal during survival training in Serbia; in Week in Review, the U.S. Air Force becomes a separate branch of the U.S. military; and for In Their Own Words, Col. Rutherford B Hayes of the 23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry recalls commissary Sgt. William McKinley’s heroics and determination to make sure Soldiers were fed during the grueling Battle of Antietam.

Sept. 21-27
In Through the Lens, a Soldier is presented with the Purple Heart Medal by Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler at a ceremony on Guadalcanal during World War II; in Week in Review, the 1st Ohio Volunteer Infantry helps defeat the Mexican army at the Battle of Monterey in 1846; and In Their Own Words details the advance of the 145th Infantry in the Bois De Montfaucon in France during World War I.

Sept. 28 - Oct. 4
In Through the Lens, members of the 112th Field Signal Battalion pull their truck out of a large shell hole in France in 1918; in Week in Review, the 121st Tactical Fighter Wing is ordered into federal service in 1961 for the Berlin Crisis; and In Their Own Words features a passing moment shared by two brothers serving overseas during World War I.

Oct. 5 - 11
In Through the Lens, three members of the 140th Field Artillery Battalion, all from the same hometown of Mansfield, Ohio, congratulate one another after earning awards for action on New Georgia in the Pacific during World War II; in Week in Review, several Ohio Air National Guard units are ordered into federal service in 1950 for the Korean War; and Connecting to the Connections features the late 19th century tabard of the First Cleveland Troop, an independent volunteer militia company.

Oct. 12-18
In Through the Lens, the 80th anniversary of the formation of the First Cleveland Troop is commemorated; in Week in Review, the 178th, 179th and 180th Tactical Fighter Groups are allotted to the Ohio Air National Guard in 1962; and In Their Own Words recalls the induction of the 148th Infantry into federal service for World War II in 1940.

Oct. 26 - Nov. 1
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the 37th Infantry Division prepare to fire a grenade launcher in 1943; in Week in Review, the 37th Division begins its final offensive of World War I along a line near Olsene, Belgium; and Connecting to the Connections highlights the M1903 Springfield rifle, which was the standard service rifle of the U.S. Army in the first half of the 20th century.

Nov. 2-8
In Through the Lens, Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard’s 2nd Brigade muster near Fort Bliss, Texas for Mexican Border Duty in 1916; in Week in Review, the 37th Division crosses the Escault River in Belgium during World War I; and In Their Own Words highlights a Soldier’s poem that tells of serving at the Mexican Border.

Nov. 9-15
In Through the Lens, Lt. Col. Shelley Saunders becomes the first woman in the Ohio National Guard to be promoted to colonel, in 1989; in Week in Review, World War I ends with an armistice on Nov. 11, 1918; and Connecting to the Collections highlights the organizational colors of the 146th Infantry, which were carried during the regiment’s service in Europe in WWI.

Nov. 16-22
In Through the Lens, a Soldier traveling in an interesting conveyance gets some help with directions from a member of the 37th Division, while in Belgium during World War I; in Week in Review, the Artillery branch is established by the Continental Congress in 1775; and In Their Own Words highlights the challenges for Ohio Soldiers getting home from the Pacific Theater following the end of World War II.

Nov. 23-29
Through the Lens highlights a piece of equipment used in a modern Army field hospital in the Pacific during World War II; in Week in Review, 10 Ohio infantry regiments and one artillery battery are among the 14,000 Union Soldiers who fight during the final battles of the Chattanooga Campaign, in 1863; and In Their Own Words recalls when members of the 148th Infantry were guests aboard an Australian navy ship for Thanksgiving 1944.