Marking the 175th anniversary of the Battle of Buena Vista
Story by Sgt. 1st Class Joshua Mann, Ohio Army National Guard Historian
On Feb. 23, 1847, American forces under Maj. Gen. Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican troops under Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico. The 2nd and 3rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiments were active in the battle, guarding Taylor’s supply depots and escorting wagon trains that were rushing needed supplies to the battle. Near Aqua Fria, a detachment of troops from the 2nd Ohio were attacked by a force of 1,000 lancers. The troops formed into a square and continued their march while engaging with the enemy force until they reached San Francisco.
When the two regiments were being sent back to Ohio in May 1847, Brig. Gen. John E. Wool published in orders number 190, “The Second and Third Regiment will return to their homes with the consciousness that they have done great credit to their state, rendered good service to their country, and that they bear with them the hearty good will and sincere admiration of the companies and commander.”
Today, the 148th Infantry Regiment displays a campaign streamer for Buena Vista on its organizational colors as a descendant of the 2nd Ohio.