Hayter, Cynthia Nadine (Cindy) NFG (USA) 11:24 AM (2 minutes ago) to OhioNGPAO@gmail.com Ohio National Guard recognized historical highlights

Historical Highlights

Compiled and created by Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Stow armory with 1st Sgt Robert Pinn super imposed

Photos from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center & Library of Congress

Stow armory named for U.S. Colored Troops hero during Civil War

First Sgt. Robert Pinn (1843-1911), Company I, 5th United States Colored Troops, earned the Medal of Honor during the Battle of New Market Heights, Va. on Sept. 29, 1864. A native of Stark County, he was the first Black Soldier to have an armory or readiness center named after him in the state, in the early 1970s, when the new Ohio Army National Guard Armory in Stow was opened.

READ STORY

Samuel R. Curtis

Photos from Library of Congress

Samuel R. Curtis, pictured here as a major general during the Civil War, was the adjutant general of Ohio at the outbreak of the Mexican War in 1846. Curtis, a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy, resigned his post as the head of the Ohio Militia to command the 3rd Regiment during the war.

George W. Morgan

Col. George W. Morgan, photographed here circa 1860, was a veteran of the Texas Revolution and was a lawyer in Mount Vernon, Ohio when the call came for volunteers to serve in the Mexican War. He organized a company from there and after arriving at Camp Washington, was elected to command the 2nd Regiment during the war, leading it during the Battle of Buena Vista. Today’s 148th Infantry Regiment is the descendant of the 2nd Regiment and bears a campaign streamer for Buena Vista.

AID PROPERLY RENDERED 175th Anniversary of the mobilization for the Mexican War

Ohio Gov. Mordecai Bartley issued the first call for troops for the Mexican War on May 20, 1846. The same day, Samuel R. Curtis, adjutant general of Ohio, issued orders directing that a general rendezvous would be established at Camp Washington near Cincinnati. In less than two weeks, 40 companies of Ohio troops were gathered, 10 more than were needed.

READ STORY

Lithograph of battle with mountains

Photos from Library of Congress

Lithograph of the Battle of Buena Vista produced from a sketch taken on the spot by Maj. Eaton, aide de camp to Gen. Zachary Taylor, published by H.R. Robinson of New York.

Marking the 175th anniversary of the Battle of Buena Vista

Ohio Gov. Mordecai Bartley issued the first call for troops for the Mexican War on May 20, 1846. The same day, Samuel R. Curtis, adjutant general of Ohio, issued orders directing that a general rendezvous would be established at Camp Washington near Cincinnati. In less than two weeks, 40 companies of Ohio troops were gathered, 10 more than were needed.

READ STORY

Video produced by Sgt. 1st Class Josh Mann.

Nov. 25, 1940

Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion inducted into Federal Service

Albert Allen Jr. was with Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion in the Philippines when the Japanese attacked on Dec. 8, 1941, just hours after attacking Pearl Harbor. In this 2003 interview, Allen recalls that day’s events.

READ MORE

Painting of HELL'S WENCH aircraft with black and white photo of Baker superimposed.

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Aug. 1, 1943

Lt. Col. Addison Baker earns Medal of Honor during WWII

Fire Over Ploesti, National Guard Heritage Series by Roy Grinnell, depicts Lt. Col. Addison Baker’s badly damaged B-24 Liberator, “Hell’s Wench,” during Operation Tidal Wave, Aug. 1, 1943. with Lt. Col. Addison Baker, circa 1943.

READ MORE

Black and white photo of Soldiers on beach.

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Jan. 9, 1945

75th anniversary:
37th Infantry Division in the Luzon Campaign

Soldiers, guns and equipment of the 37th Infantry Division pour ashore during the American landing on Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, Jan. 9, 1945.

READ MORE

V-E DAY graphic

Graphic from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

May 8, 1945

V-E Day at 75:
The Ohio National Guard in the European Theater

On May 8, 1945, the world celebrated Victory in Europe, or V-E Day, marking the end of World War II in the European Theater of Operations. There were 11 units from the Ohio National Guard that served in the European Theater during the war.

READ MORE

V-J DAY graphic

Graphic from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Sept. 2, 1945

‘It’s over and we’re coming home soon!’: Marking the 75th anniversary of V-J Day

Sept. 2, 1945 marks the 75th anniversary of V-J Day, or Victory over Japan Day. It was on this day that Imperial Japan surrendered and World War II came to an end. The majority of Ohio National Guard units fought in the Pacific Theater against the Japanese. The most well-known is the 37th Infantry Division, which finished the war on Luzon after 592 days of combat. Led by Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler for the duration of the war, the Buckeyes spent the weeks after V-J Day accepting the surrender of over 16,000 Japanese soldiers. Soldiers from Company C, 192nd Tank Battalion, who had been prisoners of war since the fall of Bataan in April 1942, where liberated from numerous camps across Asia. "

READ MORE

Black and white photo of commander reading surender.

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Sept. 2, 1945

Yamashita Surrenders

Japanese Gen. Tomoyuki Yamishita (far right), the Tiger of Malaya and commander of all Japanese forces in the Philippines, surrenders to U.S. forces. Defiant up to the last moment of surrender in Tokyo, he is seen here discussing the situation of the remaining Japanese forces with Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler (far left), commanding general, U.S. Forces in Luzon, Philippine Islands.

READ MORE

KBlack and white image of Soldiers lining the dock preparing to board ship.

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Nov. 22, 1945

Heading home from the war on Thanksgiving Day 1945

The U.S. Army Transport Puebla is shown loading 2,000 Soldiers of the 37th Infantry Division for their return to the United States on Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 22, 1945, at San Fernando, La Union, Luzon, Philippine Islands. The 37th had been overseas since May 1942 and had accumulated 592 days of combat on New Georgia, Bougainville and Luzon.

READ MORE

Soldiers arrange their equipment off train.

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Ohio National Guard reorganizes following World War II

No sooner had the guns fell silent at the end of World War II, the Ohio National Guard began to make plans for its reorganization back home. The state was initially allotted an authorized force structure totaling 27,000 personnel, with the largest piece of that being the reorganized 37th Infantry Division. Read more in the latest Buckeye Guard online publication.

READ MORE

Lt. Col. James A. Poston is shown emerging from his F-84E Thunderjet -inset of Poston holding trophy

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

July 02, 1955

Ohio Air National Guard pilot wins cross-country jet race

“Slow F-84 Jet Wins Dash Across U.S.” was the newspaper headline that announced Lt. Col. James Poston of the 166th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron as the winner of the 1955 Ricks Memorial Trophy race that took place on July 2, 1955. Poston raced the 1,945 miles from Ontario, Calif. to Detroit in 3 hours, 32 minutes at an average speed of 546 miles per hour in a F84E “Thunderjet.”

READ MORE

F-84F 'Thunderstreaks' fly over Etain, France.

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center

Oct. 1, 1961

The Berlin Crisis

F-84F “Thunderstreaks” of the 166th Tactical Fighter Squadron, 121st Tactical Fighter Wing fly over Etain, France during the unit’s mobilization for the Berlin Crisis in 1961-62.

READ MORE

Photo from Ohio National Guard Heritage Center Collections

Sept. 11, 2001Soldiers in formation in street.

20 years ago: ‘We’ll Do It’ Regiment first to answer call

Just weeks following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the 1-148th Infantry Regiment was the first Ohio National Guard unit to receive federal mobilization orders for Operation Noble Eagle. It was the first time since 1952 — for the Korean War — that the 148th had been ordered into federal service.

READ MORE